FOCUS is a series of papers on population, environment, and security.
Issues in this Series
Blue Ventures' Vik Mohan, Rebecca Hill, and Alasdair Harris argue that their integrated approach, which combines reproductive health with conservation measures in Madagascar, offers communities--and the marine environment on which they depend--the best possible chances of survival.
Author Irene Kitzantides describes the SPREAD Project's integration of agribusiness development with community health care and education, including family planning, in Rwanda.
Severely eroded and deforested, Ethiopia's land is increasingly turning to desert, due to the country's high population growth, unsustainable land use, and lack of land ownership. Featuring footage from Sean Peoples' trip to Ethiopia last year, this video looks at the efforts of two projects to address the country's complex challenges with integrated solutions.
Gib Clarke argues that the population-health-environment (PHE) community must solidify its research base, reach out to new partners, and push for flexible funding and programming. In addition, he writes that PHE programs should add livelihoods as a critical element.
Issue 19: The Integration Imperative: How to Improve Development Programs by Linking Population, Health, and Environment
Author Roger-Mark De Souza provides some observations from his decade-long experience with emerging population-health-environment (PHE) projects around the world, and offers recommendations for future directions.
Farmers in rural Nepal are becoming front-line stewards of the environment—and advocates for integrated population-health-environment programs. The co-authors describe a World Wildlife Fund program that combines family planning and community-based forestry within Nepal's Terai region.
Rapid population growth by Bwindi Impenetrable National Park in southwestern Uganda has pushed people to settle near gorilla habitat - sometimes leading to conflict. The innovative community development program, Conservation Through Public Health, seeks to conserve these magnificent animals, and at the same time, improve the quality of life for Ugandans living near Bwindi.
In research conducted for the World Bank, Thomas Merrick and Margaret E. Greene found that poor reproductive health outcomes have negative effects on overall health, and, in some cases, on education and household well-being.
Issue 15: Fishing for Families: Reproductive Health and Integrated Coastal Management in the Philippines
The Philippines' rapidly rising population has overwhelmed fisheries, bringing grinding poverty and malnutrition to many coastal communities. But a new approach to conservation may save families along with the fish and their habitats, say Joan Castro and Leona D'Agnes.
Ethiopia faces the dual challenges of environmental degradation and rapid population growth, but a new integrated approach to development could help improve the lives of millions, says Mogues Worku, executive director of The Environment and Development Society of Ethiopia.
Evoquant les 45 ans de mon étude sur les chimpanzés en Tanzanie, ce qui me fascine le plus, est de constater que la ligne de demarcation entre les êtres humaines et le reste du royaume animal, qui passait jadis pour être si marquée, s'est de plus en plus éstompée.
Issue 12: Lessons From the First Generation of Integrated Population, Health, and Environment Projects
In his review of the "first generation" of population-health-environment projects funded by USAID and the Packard Foundation, consultant John Pielemeier finds that integrated approaches provide positive outcomes.
In this edited transcript, Jane Goodall focuses on two burgeoning problems rapidly depleting wildlife in Africa: the bushmeat trade and deforestation. Her institute combats deforestation by integrating community development, health care, and natural resource management.
Issue 10: Appreciating the Complexity and Dignity of People's Lives: Integrating Population-Health-Environment Research in Peten, Guatemala
From 1997-1999, a team of researchers developed a new environmental module for Guatemala's Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) that analyzed the rapidly changing population-environment dynamics in the Petén frontier region.