ECSP Report 11
Bringing together a diverse group of authors – from Nepal to Norway, from the university to the military – the 11th edition of the Environmental Change and Security Program Report explores how powerful underlying forces may engender war – or lay a foundation for peace.
Issues in this Series
Bringing together a diverse group of authors – from Nepal to Norway, from the university to the military – the 11th edition of the Environmental Change and Security Program Report explores how powerful underlying forces may engender war – or lay a foundation for peace. Complete report.
Environmental pathways to peace can emerge at the unlikeliest of times—even during conflict, when managing shared environmental resources can be an important lifeline connecting combatants cut off from other avenues for dialogue, writes Environmental Change and Security Program Director Geoff Dabelko.
Complete set of commentaries exploring the links between population and conflict by authors Henrik Urdal, Sarah Staveteig, Valerie M. Hudson, Andrea M. den Boer, and Monica Duffy Toft.
Urdal's analysis finds that population growth, land scarcity, and urbanization do not greatly influence patterns of war and peace, with a few exceptions.
"[T]he importance of youthful age structure—particularly in insurgency-based civil wars—should not be ignored. The relationship between large youth cohorts and civil war appears to have held throughout history," writes Sarah Staveteig.
The authors ask whether societies with an abnormal ratio between men and women are less secure.
At its root, the importance of the link between demography and war is the relative capacity of a given political unit’s population to aid in its defense or to threaten other political units, writes Monica Duffy Toft.
Environmental Stress and Demographic Change in Nepal: Underlying Conditions Contributing to a Decade of Insurgency
The authors review the broad dynamics of Nepal’s current civil conflict, arguing that environmental stress and population factors have played significant roles in creating the underlying conditions for acute insecurity and instability.
Robert Engelman analyzes the human and environmental impact of population growth, particularly in the context of Niger and Kenya.
Oil spills, water shortages, earthquakes, and desertification are only some of the potential environmental threats to the Persian Gulf region’s security, but multilateral and regional efforts to address these problems could help build bridges between nations, writes Rear Admiral John F. Sigler, USN (Ret.).
An upcoming ECSP publication—based on a conference held in September 2005 at the Wilson Center—will explore the rhetoric and reality of peace parks, including their goals and the factors that determine their success or failure.
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