Development and Accountability: The Role of Independent Advisory Groups
The Chad-Cameroon Petroleum Development and Pipeline Project—which has developed oil fields in southern Chad and constructed a 1,070 kilometer pipeline to transport the oil to Cameroon's Atlantic coast for shipment—is a unique extractive-resource endeavor that is designed to transform the economy of Chad while observing strict environmental and social standards. The pipeline could increase Chad government revenues by 45-50 percent per year by 2004—allowing for indigenous investments in health, education, environment, infrastructure, rural development, and other poverty-reduction programs.
The World Bank, which is a partner in the Project along with the two countries and a consortium led by ExxonMobil, created an International Advisory Group (IAG) to advise the Bank on Project implementation issues, including those that need to be addressed to achieve fully the project's broader development objectives. The IAG is also part of the Bank's efforts to ensure broad public consultations for the Project, both in Chad and Cameroon as well as around the world.
Organized by Wilson Center Fellow and IAG member Jane Guyer, this off-the-record meeting offered an opportunity for frank dialogue between all five members of the IAG as well as stakeholders in the Project and other interested parties. Participants discussed lessons learned by the IAG and from the Project as a whole that might steer the revenue-generating phase of the Project as well as future IAGs for other resource management projects.