Loyalty Amidst Treachery: Austrian-Hungarian Relations, 1955-1956
Summary of the East European Studies meeting with Bianca Adair, a Fulbright Scholar to Austria and Hungary and a former Title VIII-supported EES Research Scholar.
Dr. Adair discussed the relationship between Austria and Hungary during the pivotal period of 1955-1957 leading up to and after the Soviet invasion of 1956. At that time, the Hungarians believed they too could benefit from Austria's state treaty and declaration of neutrality, which effectively removed Russian occupation forces from Austria and thought this meant the Russians would also remove forces from Hungary. Hungarians believed that they should follow the Austrian example. By 1956, Hungarian policy involved the promotion of Hungarian national policy goals based on the Austrian model, and Communist reformers cited the common historic linkage with Austria to legitimize closer relations with the West and to advocate the removal of the Red Army. This abortive effort to follow Austria into neutral status ended with the Hungarian uprising of Oct./Nov. 1956 and then the Soviet invasion.