October 19, 2007 // 10:00am — 11:30am
On October 19, 2007, the Africa Program hosted Dr. Mohamed Ibn Chambas, President of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Commission, speaking on "The Role of ECOWAS in Achieving the Economic Integration of West Africa." Dr. Chris Fomunyoh, senior associate for Africa and regional director for Central and West Africa at National Democratic Institute (NDI), served as moderator.
October 18, 2007 // 2:00pm — 3:30pm
On October 18, 2007, the Africa Program hosted Ambassador John M. Yates, U.S. Special Envoy to Somalia, who identified three crucial American foreign policy objectives there: eliminating the terrorist threat, promoting political stability, and addressing Somali humanitarian needs.
October 11, 2007 // 2:30pm — 4:00pm
On October 11, 2007, the Africa Program and the Initiative for Inclusive Security co-sponsored an event entitled "Rekindling Darfur Negotiations: Keys to Success." The discussion was led by Carla Koppell, Director of the Initiative for Inclusive Security and Dr. Robert A. Pastor, Interim Co-Director of The Elders, a group of thirteen world leaders, convened by Nelson Mandela and chaired by Desmond Tutu, dedicated to tackling global crises and issues.
September 27, 2007 // 9:00am — 11:00am
The partners of the Great Lakes Policy Forum cordially invite you to attend the 133rd Great Lakes Policy Forum on "Caught in the Crossfire: The Eastern DRC".
Examining Environmental Links to Peace and Conflict in Sudan: The UN Environment Programme's Sudan Post-Conflict Environmental Assessment
September 21, 2007 // 10:00am — 12:00pm
Environmental Change and Security Program
Efforts to end the ongoing violence in Darfur and build on the 2005 peace agreement must consider how environmental problems such as deforestation, drought, and desertification affect the balance between peace and conflict.
September 20, 2007 // 10:00am — 11:30am
Maternal Health Initiative
U.S. leadership "has truly transformed the global response to AIDS and the course of the epidemic," says Dr. Peter Piot, UNAIDS Executive Director and Under Secretary-General of the United Nations.
September 18, 2007 // 10:00am — 11:30am
The Africa Program and the Open Society Institute co-sponsored an event on September 18 featuring Deprose Muchena and Isabella Matambanadzo from the Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa (OSISA). Muchena identified four major deficits he believes are impairing Zimbabwe in the fields of democracy, leadership, and macroeconomics-with uncontrolled inflation and unemployment, as well as a truth deficit in the Zimbabwean political discourse. Matambanadzo focused on the status of Human Rights Defenders (HRD) in Zimbabwe where more than 1,000 people were unjustly harassed or arrested this year. She said legal structures deny basic civil rights and accused the government of denying detainees food, water, and medical care. She recommended the United Nations send special envoys for human rights and to pressure the governmental into making reforms.
September 17, 2007 // 2:00pm — 3:30pm
On September 17, the Africa and Asia programs held a book launch for Growing Apart: Oil, Politics, and Economic Change in Indonesia and Nigeria by Peter Lewis, an associate professor and director of the African Studies Program at Johns Hopkins University. Lewis compared Indonesia and Nigeria, two countries with similar demographics, political evolution, and natural resources and why they took two different paths to economic development. Nigeria's minimal economic development came from a lack of a confident investment climate due to ethnic patronage competition, maintenance of an oil monoculture, and money laundering. Indonesia was more successful economically, creating investor confidence through market policies, diversification of the economy to include oil, manufacturing and agriculture, and elites investing money in Indonesian business and infrastructure.
Opportunities and Constraints for the Disarmament and Repatriation of Foreign Armed Groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo
September 13, 2007 // 10:00am — 11:30am
On September 13, Hans Romkema of Conflict and Transition Consultancies (CTC) presented his report on opportunities and constraints for the disarmament and repatriation (D&R) of foreign armed groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). While the process of D&R in the DRC has significantly reduced foreign armed groups, several constraints to the process still exist. Foreign armed groups such as the Rwandese FDLR in Congo continue to threaten the consolidation of peace and economic development of the Africa Great Lakes region and a concerted effort is needed to tackle their presence. Romkema has provided recommendations to the various actors involved in the DRC, including the Congolese government, the Rwandan government, the United Nations Mission in DRC (MONUC), the World Bank's Multi-Country Demobilization and Reintegration Program (MDRP) which financed the report, and the international community. The event was moderated by Sean Bradley, Sr. Social Development Specialist, The World Bank
September 10, 2007 // 10:00am — 12:00pm
Environmental Change and Security Program
There is a strong regional and international market for the minerals and forest products extracted from the Great Lakes countries. The challenge is for this lucrative trade to directly benefit the majority of the people living in the region, rather than the corrupt few who have typically exploited these resources.