The Woodrow Wilson Center Press
Toward the end of World War II, scholars and writers stressed the unity of humankind, but by the early 1970s, dominant voices proclaimed ongoing diversity—sometimes irreconcilable antagonism—among human cultures. To study this transition from universalism to cultural particularism, Richard King focuses on the major thinkers, movements, and traditions of thought, attempting to construct an intellectual history.
Crucial Needs, Weak Incentives: Social Sector Reform, Democratization, and Globalization in Latin America
Crucial Needs, Weak Incentives studies the politics of efforts to reform education and health services in Latin America in the 1990s. Both sectors were common targets of reform, but both sectors also have large numbers of unionized public employees, whose presence affects patronage as well as political power.
Reasonable Men, Powerful Words traces the development of political culture in twentieth-century Japan through a social and intellectual biography of six Japanese economists who influenced national political life in significant ways.
Beyond Free and Fair Elections: Monitoring Elections and Building Democracy draws on worldwide experience since the mid-1980s to evaluate international election monitoring and domestic monitoring, and their contributions to democracy promotion and democratic change. In this book, Eric Bjornlund provides an overview of what election monitoring is, where it comes from, and how it is currently conducted, and he educes general lessons for democracy promotion.Access the live webcast of the book launch held with the author on December 9, 2004.
In the turbulent decade since the collapse of the Soviet Union, conditions have worsened considerably for many Russians, and a wide-ranging debate has raged over the nature and destiny of their country. In Russia in Search of Itself, James H. Billington, the Librarian of Congress and a noted expert on Russia, examines the efforts of a proud but troubled nation to find a post-Soviet identity.
Through anthropology, political science, and other disciplines, the contributors examine women’s role in post-Soviet nation-building, rural household economies, and democratization and civic activism.
By exploring and comparing North America's, Russia's, and Japan's "second cities" of a century ago—-Chicago, Moscow, and Osaka—-Second Metropolis discloses the extent to which social fragmentation, frequently viewed as an obstacle to democratic development, actually fostered pluralistic public policies.
Essays by leading academic experts and by policy practitioners with academic background address important questions regarding foreign models in Latin American policy reform. Two chapters examine the influence of the international financial institutions. Then experts from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, and Mexico discuss how foreign models influenced their own decision making in crucial areas of social policy such as pensions, unemployment insurance, and health care.
Reforming the Tsar's Army: Military Innovation in Imperial Russia from Peter the Great to the Revolution
From Peter the Great to Nicholas II, Russian rulers always understood the need to maintain an army and navy capable of preserving the empire's great power status. This volume examines how Imperial Russia's armed forces sought to adapt to the challenges of modern warfare.
The diversity of Latin American trade agreements established since the mid-1980s reflects a broadening range of strategic perceptions and orientations. The argument of this volume is that this increasing divergence among the arrangements reflects fundamental and growing differences among their broader strategic perceptions and political and economic objectives.