Examining Environmental Links to Peace and Conflict in Sudan: The UN Environment Programme's Sudan Post-Conflict Environmental Assessment
September 21, 2007 // 10:00am — 12:00pm
Efforts to end the ongoing violence in Darfur and build on the 2005 peace agreement must consider how environmental problems such as deforestation, drought, and desertification affect the balance between peace and conflict.
September 18, 2007 // 10:00am — 11:30am
The Africa Program and the Open Society Institute co-sponsored an event on September 18 featuring Deprose Muchena and Isabella Matambanadzo from the Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa (OSISA). Muchena identified four major deficits he believes are impairing Zimbabwe in the fields of democracy, leadership, and macroeconomics-with uncontrolled inflation and unemployment, as well as a truth deficit in the Zimbabwean political discourse. Matambanadzo focused on the status of Human Rights Defenders (HRD) in Zimbabwe where more than 1,000 people were unjustly harassed or arrested this year. She said legal structures deny basic civil rights and accused the government of denying detainees food, water, and medical care. She recommended the United Nations send special envoys for human rights and to pressure the governmental into making reforms.
September 17, 2007 // 2:00pm — 3:30pm
On September 17, the Africa and Asia programs held a book launch for Growing Apart: Oil, Politics, and Economic Change in Indonesia and Nigeria by Peter Lewis, an associate professor and director of the African Studies Program at Johns Hopkins University. Lewis compared Indonesia and Nigeria, two countries with similar demographics, political evolution, and natural resources and why they took two different paths to economic development. Nigeria's minimal economic development came from a lack of a confident investment climate due to ethnic patronage competition, maintenance of an oil monoculture, and money laundering. Indonesia was more successful economically, creating investor confidence through market policies, diversification of the economy to include oil, manufacturing and agriculture, and elites investing money in Indonesian business and infrastructure.
Opportunities and Constraints for the Disarmament and Repatriation of Foreign Armed Groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo
September 13, 2007 // 10:00am — 11:30am
On September 13, Hans Romkema of Conflict and Transition Consultancies (CTC) presented his report on opportunities and constraints for the disarmament and repatriation (D&R) of foreign armed groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). While the process of D&R in the DRC has significantly reduced foreign armed groups, several constraints to the process still exist. Foreign armed groups such as the Rwandese FDLR in Congo continue to threaten the consolidation of peace and economic development of the Africa Great Lakes region and a concerted effort is needed to tackle their presence. Romkema has provided recommendations to the various actors involved in the DRC, including the Congolese government, the Rwandan government, the United Nations Mission in DRC (MONUC), the World Bank's Multi-Country Demobilization and Reintegration Program (MDRP) which financed the report, and the international community. The event was moderated by Sean Bradley, Sr. Social Development Specialist, The World Bank
September 10, 2007 // 10:00am — 12:00pm
There is a strong regional and international market for the minerals and forest products extracted from the Great Lakes countries. The challenge is for this lucrative trade to directly benefit the majority of the people living in the region, rather than the corrupt few who have typically exploited these resources.
August 22, 2007 // 10:00am — 11:30am
On Wednesday, August 22, 2007, the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars' Africa Program hosted Patience Kabamba to present his doctoral research project entitled Capital Accumulation and Emergence of New Power Elite in South Africa and the DRC.
August 20, 2007 // 10:00am — 11:30am
On August 20, 2007, the Africa Program at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (WWICS) sponsored an event entitled "Political Parties in Burundi - Between Crisis and Opportunity". The purpose of the event was to present Andreas Hipple's doctoral research project which attempts to understand how internal party crises and rival factions affect the transformation of rebel groups into political parties.
August 14, 2007 // 10:00am — 11:30am
On August 14, 2007, Kate Burlingham, one of the 2007 Africanist Doctoral Fellows at the Africa Program of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, presented her doctoral research project entitled "In the image of God": Missionaries and the Mapping of Angolan Politics." Amb. Paul J. Hare, Executive Director of the U.S.-Angola Chamber of Commerce, served as moderator.
July 12, 2007 // 9:30am — 11:00am
On July 12, 2007, the Africa Program at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) hosted an event entitled "MCC and Mozambique: A Partnership for Development" to celebrate the approval by the Board of the Millennium Challenge Corporation of a five year, $506.9 million Millennium Challenge Compact to reduce poverty and increase economic growth in Mozambique. The Compact, which focuses on the four northern provinces of Mozambique which have been lagging behind the rest of the country's development, is focused on improving the welfare of the population.
July 11, 2007 // 5:00pm — 7:00pm