The conflict minerals movement is gaining traction. The movement is a pragmatic effort to address one of the principal drivers of atrocities and conflict throughout Congo’s tortured history: the scramble for control of Congo's vast mineral resources. In eastern Congo today, these mineral resources are financing multiple armed groups, many of whom use mass rape as a deliberate strategy to intimidate and control local populations. Armed groups and military units earn hundreds of millions of dollars per year by trading four main minerals: the ores that produce tin, tantalum, tungsten, and gold. This money enables the militias to self-finance their campaign of brutal violence against civilians, with some of the worst abuses occurring in mining areas.
"Mandela’s great legacy to South Africa, indeed the entire world, was to preach and practice reconciliation between former sworn enemies," writes David Ottaway.
After the demise of the Soviet Bloc and the democratic transitions of Eastern Europe which witnessed very dramatic changes in internal and external polices of those countries, many thought that this would be the model for the Arab world to emulate. However, it was generally thought that it would be a decade before the Arab world was ready for such a transition. Accelerating the pace of democratization it was believed, would pave the way for extremist religious parties to assume power, leading to a radical shift in the foreign policy orientation of key Arab states.
A half-day conference examining the legacy of the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act, and assessing ways to ensure that AGOA's potential is fully realized. View videos of the proceedings via the conference website.
Summary of BLTP activities and projects, including follow up on FDN officers and political party trainings. Upcoming trainings will involve the Burundian national police high command (PNB). French only. Published in December, 2006.
With Ambassador Faida Mitifu, Ambassador of the Democratic Republic of Congo to the United States
How can Africa prevent the exportation of its educated citizens? This paper attempts to answer this very question through examination of what is meant by “brain drain,” followed by analyzing the hard facts, significance and consequences for the continent.