International Security Studies
Robert Litwak traces the origins and development of rogue state policy and then assesses its efficacy through detailed case studies of Iraq, Iran, and North Korea. In place of a generic and constricting strategy, he argues for the development of "differentiated" strategies of containment, tailored to the particular circumstances within individual states.
This article appeared in the Autumn 2003 issue of The Washington Quarterly.
In the Bush era, Iran and North Korea were branded “rogue” states, and changing their regimes was the administration’s goal. The Obama administration has chosen instead to call the countries nuclear “outliers” and has proposed means other than regime change to bring them back into the fold, Outlier States, the successor to Litwak’s Regime Change: U.S. Strategy through the Prism of 9/11 (2007), explores this significant policy adjustment and raises questions about its feasibility and its possible consequences.
Making sure markets are open, fair, and transparent is a key tenet of the Obama administration's global energy security agenda. At a January 11 Director's Forum, State Department special envoy David Goldwyn outlined the United States' plan for energy security policy.
How much do we really know about North Korea’s nuclear capabilities and ability to attack the U.S. and its allies? To explore these questions and more, we spoke with the Wilson Center’s resident expert on nuclear-powered “outlier states,” Robert Litwak.