Something began during the Arab Spring that is irreversible, contends Wilson Center Scholar Roberto Toscano. The Arab masses feel empowered and have set the stage for economic and social transformation.
Reports and images from Syria continue to cause heartbreak and outrage around the world as calls for intervention increase. Veteran analyst and observer Aaron David Miller says that there may be no good options for action.
The wave of unrest sparked by the Tunisian "Burning Man" has toppled regimes and created momentum for change that may not stop until the geopolitical landscape of the entire region is transformed. With one year in the history books, we turned to a panel of regional experts to gain their perspectives on the larger meaning of the events of the past year.
While some experts predicted that the Arab rebellions of spring 2011 (and beyond) would widen the strategic, political, and even ideological gap between Arab states undergoing dramatic change and those defending the status quo, in fact, no such clear breach has occurred. Instead, Dawisha argues that economic crisis, escalating Shi’i-Sunni tensions, and the associated realpolitik concerns of the Western powers have dampened the potentially incendiary demonstration effect of Arab political revolts on the course of both domestic political change and regional politics.
Egypt’s post-revolution constitution does not explicitly prohibit discrimination based on gender or religion. It only recognizes women’s domestic role within a family “founded on religion, morality, and patriotism.” Clerics will have the final word over the new laws.
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The U.S. and Europe have begun imposing the toughest sanctions on Iran since the nuclear crisis began a decade ago but it could be months before they start to affect negotiations, writes Michael Adler in AOL Defense.
Her Majesty Shahbanu Farah Pahlavi discussed her new book, providing an account of her eventful life as the queen of Iran during two decades when her country experienced extensive change and transformation. Video of this event is available here.