From the Indian Bomb to the Establishment of the First Brazil-Argentina Nuclear Agreement (1974-1980)
India’s first nuclear explosive test in May 1974 had deep consequences for the nuclear non-proliferation regime. The establishment of the Nuclear Suppliers Group in 1975 added to the safeguards requirements that were imposed on countries seeking nuclear technology—even those that were outside the NPT. This tightening of the nuclear technology transfer regime as a result of India’s 1974 test would have a considerable effect on the Brazilian and Argentine programs.
These documents shed new light on South Africa’s unique nuclear history, from early uranium supply arrangements with the United States to the South African response to the September 1979 Vela incident.
According to some historical accounts, Israel came very close to deploying nuclear weapons during the Yom Kippur War. But a newly released firsthand account of high-level deliberations provides a more nuanced account of what occurred.
The Nuclear Proliferation International History Project will host a 3-month research fellowship for a scholar studying Brazil’s nuclear history, in particular as it relates to US-Brazilian relations, Brazil’s nuclear relations with Argentina and other countries, and the evolving role of Brazil in the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) regime.
New research is shedding additional light on the Cold War's iconic nuclear standoff between the US and USSR, with the tiny nation of Cuba in the middle. For the next two weeks, CONTEXT will look back on what we're learning with an eye toward the lessons that apply today. In part 2 of our "On The Brink" series, Philip Brenner describes how and why the missiles were brought to Cuba and what might have happened if they'd stayed.
Azeredo da Silveira: um Depoimento (Azeredo da Silveira: A Testimony)
The sixth annual Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations’ (SHAFR) Summer Institute, hosted by the History and Public Policy Program’s Nuclear Proliferation International History Project (NPIHP).
The new collection covers the full swath of South African nuclear history, from the origins of the country’s nuclear energy research in the 1950s, through the early 1990s when it announced the existence and subsequent destruction of its nuclear program.