The August 10, 2014, presidential election in Turkey marks the first time voters will be able to directly elect their president. Current Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, who has held power since 2002, is one of several candidates. Many factors will shape the outcome of the elections: domestic problems such as the economy, infrastructure, and corruption, as well as external issues, such as energy transit and the crisis in Syria. In this policy brief, Global Europe Program Global Fellow Bülent Aras, along with Yasin Duman, explores one of the most important factors: the “Kurdish Question.” Will the new president continue Erdoğan’s work of moving towards a resolution to the protracted conflict? What would such a resolution entail?
In the midst of anti-government protests and civil unrest that swept throughout Turkey in summer of 2013, former Wilson Center Scholar Susan C. Pearce witnessed first-hand a major milestone in Turkey’s LGBT community as estimates of 100,000 people gathered for the annual Istanbul LGBT pride parade.
Tensions over security, access, and environmental impacts in the Arctic are rising. While members of the Arctic Council (Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, the United States) assert their established rights under new circumstances, an increasing number of non-Arctic states (including China, Korea, Japan, and Singapore) seek an active role in the region. In this video series, "Who Owns the Arctic?" an international panel of experts describes why one of the world’s coldest environments is becoming a hot topic.
In this Context interview, Willy Østreng, Senior Researcher and Chairman of the Research Institute Ocean Futures in Oslo, shared his thoughts on the Arctic and how to best approach such a fragile ecosystem.
The United States will soon begin a term chairing The Arctic Council. Will it make the Arctic a priority and does the U.S. have a clear strategy for the region? Heather Conley discusses the view from the US in part 6 of the CONTEXT series, “Who Owns The Arctic?”
In this Context interview, Martti Ahtissari, former President of Finland, spoke about a more holistic view of how security is achieved and maintained in contrast to the current situations between Russia and Ukraine.
On May 5, 2014, the Wilson Center’s Global Europe Program hosted its annual Ahtisaari Symposium. This year’s expert panel addressed “The New Geopolitics of European Security.” Panelists discussed the transatlantic focus on energy security in the wake of the crisis with Ukraine and Russia including options for alternative sources of energy to decrease Europe’s dependence. The full transcript of the panel is available below.
In this Context interview, Marlene Laruelle, Russia expert, shared her thoughts on Russia’s leading role as an Arctic nation and how it might react to a China-US partnership in the region.
In this Context interview, Anne-Marie Brady, associate professor in Political Science at the University of Canterbury, provided insight into China’s goals for the region and possibilities for Chinese collaboration with the United States.
The transcript of the Global Europe Program’s June 16, 2014, event “Mutual Security on Hold? Russia, the West, and European Security Architecture,” is now available. The discussion focused on the challenges facing mutual security, particularly the transatlantic relationship, in the wake of the crisis with Ukraine and Russia. This event also marked the 50th anniversary of the Munich Security Conference, which is chaired by Wilson Center Distinguished Scholar Ambassador Wolfgang Ischinger.