On June 26, a gunman identified as Seifeddine Rezgui attacked the Tunisian beach resort of Sousse and killed more than 38 people, mainly foreign tourists.
The brutality of non-state actors - particularly ISIS - was one of the most notable trends in human rights abuses in 2014, according to the State Department's Country Report on Human Rights Practices.
The Middle East is the world's "primary theater" for terrorist activity, according to the State Department's 2014 Country Reports on Terrorism.
On June 10, the U.S. Department of the Treasury issued sanctions targeting several Lebanese companies and businessmen for supporting Hezbollah, an Islamist militia and political party in Lebanon.
On June 8, the speaker of Iraq’s parliament Dr. Saleem al Jubouri traced the origins of ISIS – also known as Daesh, ISIL, or the Islamic State – to the “policy of exclusion and repression of freedoms during the past.”
On June 7, Turkey’s ruling Islamist party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP), lost its parliamentary majority for the first time in 13 years.
Violent extremists in Africa often have transnational ties but capitalize on local conflicts, according to a June 2015 report from the German Institute for International and Security Affairs.
Jordanians have limited awareness of political parties and support the international campaign against ISIS, according to a survey conducted by the Middle East Marketing and Research Consultants on behalf of the International Republican Institute.
On May 20, Tunisian President Beji Caid Essebsi discussed challenges facing Tunisia at an event hosted by the U.S. Institute of Peace. Essebsi, the founder of the secular Nidaa Tounes party, cited his country’s political system as a model for the region.
Analyzing the past is key to understanding the rise of ISIS, according to Rami Khouri, a Senior Public Policy Fellow at the Issam Fares Institute for Public Policy and International Affairs.