ECSP Report 4

The ECSP Report 4 includes pieces on the role of environmental degradation in population displacement; U.S. population policy since the Cairo conference; and a synthesis of the connection between environmental transformation and conflict. The issue also explores forest plunder in Southeast Asia, and the U.S.-China relationship over environment.

Issues in this Series

ECSP Report 4

ECSP Report 4 includes pieces on the role of environmental degradation in population displacement; U.S. population policy since the Cairo conference; and a synthesis of the connection between environmental transformation and conflict. Complete report.

U.S. Population Policy Since the Cairo Conference

Craig Lasher
The International Conference on Population and Development, held in Cairo in September 1994, forged a broad new consensus on the international community’s approach to population issues. Over three years after the conference, it is timely to explore the U.S. response to the conference and to the challenges posed by the new consensus.

Why Environmental Transformation Causes Violence: A Synthesis

Günther Baechler
Correlations between transformation of societal-nature relationships and violent conflict are numerous. This analysis will examine the critical role of transformation regarding causation of environmental conflicts in certain areas of developing countries.

Secrecy vs. the Need for Ecological Information: Challenges to Environmental Activism in Russia

Thomas Jandl
This article will explore how an individual environmental organization ventured through the minefields of international security and diplomacy, forging obvious as well as unlikely alliances along the way.

Forest Plunder in Southeast Asia: An Environmental Security Nexus in Burma and Cambodia

Kirk Talbott and Melissa Brown
The root causes of the threats to much of Asia’s biological diversity, particularly in the region’s more unstable and authoritarian countries, can be generalized in three words: conversion, consumption and corruption.

ECSP Report 4: Special Reports

Michelle Leighton and Aaron Frank
Special reports: Environmental Degradation and Migration The U.S.-Mexico Case Study, by The Natural Heritage Institute; and Solving China’s Environmental Problems: Policy Options from the Working Group on Environment in U.S.-China Relations, by Aaron Frank.

ECSP Report 4: Official Statements and New Publications

Simon Dalby, Wenche Hauge, Ashley Miller, Mita Gibson, Jessica Powers, Stacy D. VanDeveer, Alex Farrell, Paul Runci, and Melissa Brown
Excerpts from recent official statements in which environmental issues are cited in the context of security institutions and national interests, and reviews by experts of new publications.

ECSP Report 4: Event Summaries

Event summaries from meetings sponsored by the Environmental Change and Security Program between May and December 1997.

ECSP Report 4: Update and Resources

This update section highlights the environment, population, and security activities of foundations, nongovernmental organizations, academic programs, and government offices, and includes a list of Internet sites and forums which may facilitate research and policy efforts.

ECSP Report 4: Bibliography

The following bibliography is a compilation of all entries from the three previous ECSP Reports and new additions from the last year. The Guide includes a wide range of publications, organized by theme, which relate to the various conceptions of environmental security.

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