NPIHP Issue Briefs
NPIHP Issue Briefs offer useful insights and perspectives on contemporary nuclear policy issues from international nuclear historians. More than just formulaic ‘lessons from history,’ these Issue Briefs provide archivally-grounded background, context and nuance to current issues for political scientists and government officials who are confronted with complex nuclear challenges.
Issues in this Series
Senior Australian officials worked from 1944 to around 1973, when Australia ratified the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, to equip their country with a nuclear weapons capability. When Australia did choose to permanently forego the nuclear option, it wasn’t because of the U.S. nuclear umbrella, but rather because of significant geo-political changes taking place throughout Asia in the mid-1970s.
Issue Brief #2 - How to Become a Customer: Lessons from the Nuclear Negotiations between the U.S., Canada and Romania in the 1960s
Despite their recent popularity and apparent utility, civil nuclear cooperation agreement negotiations are fraught with the possibility of deception as evidence from Romania in the 1960s and 1970s suggests.
Mariana Budjeryn investigates the security assurances made by the United States and Russia to Ukraine after the fall of the Soviet Union. These assurances, inscribed in the so-called “Budapest Memorandum” were designed to encourage Ukraine to ratify START I—otherwise known as the Lisbon Protocol—and return their entire nuclear arsenal to Russia for dismantling.
Anna Weichselbraun proposes 9 ways that the IAEA can increase transparency and build confidence in its authority by reforming archival access policies.