Occasional Papers

Reports on completed research projects or works-in-progress written by resident scholars and visiting speakers. Electronic versions of the most recent Occasional Papers are available for download. For a complete list of the Kennan Institute's Occasional Papers, please see the PDF below.

Issues in this Series

List of Kennan Institute Occasional Papers

PDF list of Kennan Institute Occasional Papers.

Kyiv Art Space (2013)

Natalia Moussienko
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #309, 2013. PDF 34 pages.

Education in Post-Soviet Russia: Does the Federal Government Have a Regional Policy for Higher Education? (2013)

Ildar Zulkarnay and Ellen Rosskam
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #308, 2013. PDF 24 pages.

Urals Pathfinder: Theatre in Post-Soviet Yekaterinburg (2011)

Blair A. Ruble
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #307, 2011. PDF 40 pages.

Separation of Powers in Russia and Ukraine: A Comparative Perspective (2011)

F. Joseph Dresen and William E. Pomeranz
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #306, 2011. PDF 58 pages.

The Legacy and Consequences of Jackson-Vanik: Reassessing Human Rights in 21st Century Russia (2010)

F. Joseph Dresen and William E. Pomeranz
This edition of the Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series, edited by F. Joseph Dresen and William E. Pomeranz, features the edited transcript of the 4 February 2010 conference on the Jackson-Vanik legislation. (Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #305, 2011. PDF 80 pages.)

The Russian Constitution at Fifteen: Assessments and Current Challenges to Russia's Legal Development (2010)

F. Joseph Dresen and William E. Pomeranz
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #304, 2010. PDF 76 pages.

On the Way to Transparency: Comparative Study on Post-Soviet States and the Aarhus Convention (2009)

Tatiana Rudolfovna Zaharchenko
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #303, 2009. PDF 62 pages.

Rethinking the Nation: Imperial Collapse, Eurasianism, and George Vernadsky's Historical Scholarship (2008)

Igor Torbakov
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #302, 2008. PDF 21 pages.

Place, Identity, and Urban Culture: Odesa and New Orleans (2008)

Samuel C Ramer and Blair A. Ruble
Edited by Samuel C. Ramer and Blair A. Ruble Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #301, 2008. PDF 42 pages.

Reflections on George F. Kennan: Scholar and Policymaker (2008)

F. Joseph Dresen
Edited by F. Joseph Dresen Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #300, 2008. PDF 39 pages.

The Fifteenth Anniversary of the End of the Soviet Union: Recollections and Perspectives (2008)

Markian Dobczansky
Edited by Markian Dobczansky Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #299, 2008. PDF 26 pages.

Religion in Russian Society: State Policy, Regional Challenges, and Individual Rights (2008)

F. Joseph Dresen
Edited by F. Joseph Dresen Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #298, 2008. PDF 71 pages.

The Russian Minority in Central Asia: Migration, Politics, and Language (2008)

Sebastien Peyrouse
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #297, 2008. PDF 28 pages.

The War on Terror and its Implications for Human Rights in Uzbekistan (2007)

Nozima Kamalova
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #296, 2007. PDF 24 pages.

Commemoration of the Chernobyl Disaster: The Human Experience Twenty Years Later (2007)

Conference Proceedings Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Papers Series #295, 2007. PDF 82 pages.

Aleksandr Dugin: A Russian Version of the European Radical Right? (2006)

Marlène Laruelle
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Papers Series #294, 2006. PDF 32 pages.

Institutionalizing U.S.-Russian Cooperation in Central Eurasia (2006)

Mikhail Troitskiy
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Papers Series #293, 2006. PDF 25 pages.

Russia in Asia-Asia in Russia: Energy, Economics, and Regional Relations (2005)

F. Joseph Dresen
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Papers Series #292, 2005. PDF 106 pages.

Ukraine's Energy Policy and U.S. Strategic Interests in Eurasia (2004)

Margarita M. Balmaceda
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Papers Series #291, 2004. PDF 21 pages.

Whose House is Moldova? Hospitality as a Model for Ethnic Relations (2004)

Jennifer R. Cash
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Papers Series #290, 2004. PDF 29 pages.

Myths and Mysticism: Islam and Conflict in the North Caucasus: A Longitudinal Perspective (2004)

Michael A. Reynolds
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Papers Series #289, 2004. PDF 29 pages.

Stakeholder Inclusion in Caspian Basin Natural Resource Management (2004)

Mary M. Matthews
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Papers Series #288, 2004. PDF 21 pages.

Political Passivity and Russia's Health Crisis (2004)

Debra Javeline
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Papers Series #287, 2004. PDF 17 pages.

Conflict in Kyrgyzstan? (2004)

Michele E. Commercio
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Papers Series #286, 2004. PDF 21 pages.

St. Petersburg's Courtyards and Washington's Alleys: Officialdom's Neglected Neighbors (2003)

Blair A. Ruble
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #285, 2003. PDF 23 pages.

The 1999 OSCE Istanbul Summit Decisions on Moldova and Georgia: Prospects for Implementation (2002)

William H. Hill
William Hill et al. Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #284, 2002. PDF 40 pages.

U.S. Assessments of the Soviet and Post-Soviet Russian Economy: Lessons Learned and Not Learned (2002)

Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #283, 2002. PDF 126 pages.

Remembering Adam Ulam (2002)

Angela Stent, Nina Tumarkin, and Abbott Gleason
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Papers Series #282, 2002. PDF 12 pages.

Ten Years after the Breakup: Kennan Institute Meeting Reports, 1991-2001 (2001)

Mark H Teeter
Mark Teeter et al. Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Papers Series #281, 2001. PDF: 229 pages.

The Question of Russo-Ukrainian Unity and Ukrainian Distinctiveness in Early Modern Ukrainian Thought and Culture (2001)

Zenon E. Kohut
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Papers Series #280, 2001. PDF 24 pages.

Uzbekistan and the Challenges of Creating a Regional Security System within Central Asia (2001)

Nazokat Kasymova
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Papers Series #279, 2001. PDF 11 pages.

When the Cold War Did Not End: The Soviet Peace Offensive of 1953 and the American Response (2000)

Jeffrey P. Brooks
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Papers Series #278, 2000. PDF 19 pages.

George Kennan and the Russian Empire: How America's Conscience Became an Enemy of Tsarism (2000)

Helen Hundley
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Papers Series, #277, 2000. PDF 18 pages.

Circuit Riders to the Slavs and Greeks: Missionary Priests and the Establishment of the Russian Orthodox Chrch in the American West, 1890-1910 (2000)

Brigit Farley
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Papers Series, #276, 2000. PDF 21 pages.

Ukraine 1998: Parliamentary Election Exit Poll (2000)

Ilko Kucheriv and Elehie Skoczylas
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Papers Series, #275, 2000. PDF 20 pages.

Russia and the Recomposition of Power: The Paradigm beyond the Dream of the "Good State". (2000)

Peter J. Stavrakis
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholar; Kennan Institute Occasional Papers Series, #274, 2000. PDF 27 pages.

Leaving the Past Behind: The Russian Presidential Elections of 1996 (1999)

Hugh Phillips
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Papers Series, #273, 1999. PDF 39 pages.

Structures of Russian Political Discourse on Nationality Problems (1999)

Sergei Valerievich Sokolovski
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Papers Series, #272, 1999. PDF 30 pages.

Russian Regions in Expanding Europe: The Pskov Connection (1998)

Mikhail Alexseev and Vladimir Vaguine
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #271, 1998. PDF 18 pages.

The Russian Provincial City: Key Elements of the Structure of Life (1998)

Vladimir Vaguine
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Papers Series, #270, 1998. PDF 32 pages.

The Agrarian "Strike" of 1932-33 (1998)

D'’Ann R Penner
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Papers Series, #269, 1998. PDF 59 pages.

The Future of Ukrainian-Russian Relations (1997)

Ian Brzezinski, Sherman Garnett, Oleksandr Pavliuk, Alexander Rahr, Roman Solchanyk, and Igor Torbakov
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #268, 1997. PDF 31 pages.

The Pivotal Role of the State in Russian Defense Conversion: A Management Perspective (1997)

Lori Coakley, William Graves III, and Linda M Randall
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #267, 1997. PDF 23 pages.

Public Opinion Surveys and Political Culture in Post-Soviet Russia (1997)

Frederic Fleron and William Reisinger
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #266, 1997. PDF 41 pages.

Zhirinovsky as a Nationalist "Kitsch Artist'' (1996)

Sergei A. Kibalnik
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #264, 1996. PDF 29 pages.

Maxim M. Litvinov and Soviet-American Relations, 1918-1946 (1996)

Hugh Phillips
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #263, 1996. PDF 15 pages.

Neo-Idealist Philosophy in the Russian Liberation Movement: The Moscow Psychological Society and Its Symposium, "Problems of Idealism" (1996)

Randall Poole
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #262, 1996. PDF 82 pages.

Stillborn Environments: The New Soviet Town of the 1960s and Urban Life in Russia Today (1995)

Aleksandr Arkadievich Vysokovsky
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #261, 1995. PDF 31 pages.

Lord of the Manor: Boris Yeltsin in Sverdlovsk Oblast' (1995)

Pilar Bonet
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #260, 1995. PDF 33 pages.

Issues of Historical Preservation in Central Europe and Russia, Conference Proceedings (1994)

Jodi Koehn
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #259, 1994. PDF 90 pages.

Siberia's Academic Complex: The History of an Experiment (1995)

Evgeni G. Vodichev
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #258, 1995. PDF 35 pages.

Political Parties in Western Siberia, August 1991-0ctober 1993: A Comparative Analysis (1994)

Grigorii V Golosov
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #257, 1994. PDF 61 pages.

Russian and American Think Tanks: An Initial Survey. Conference papers from a November 1993 workshop at the Kennan Institute (1994)

James Allen Smith
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #256, 1994. PDF 101 pages.

State Building in Post-Soviet Russia: The Chicago Boys and the Decline of Administrative Capacity (1993)

Peter J. Stavrakis
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #254, 1993. PDF 64 pages

Invisible Transcendence (1993)

Peter Rollberg
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #253, 1993. PDF 67 pages

America and the Russian Future (1993)

Peggy Mcinerny
Transcript of a January 1993 conference cosponsored by the Kennan Institute and the Embassy of the Russian Federation in the United States Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #252, 1993. PDF 96 pages

George Kennan (The Elder) in the Russian Press, 1871-1991, an Annotated Bibliographical Index in the Russian Language (1993)

Efim I Melamed
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #251, 1993. PDF 76 pages

The Russian Revolutionary Movement of the Nineteenth Century as Contemporary History (1993)

Alfred Erich Senn
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #250, 1993. PDF 34 pages.

Moscow and Regional Security Proposals for the Middle East (1992)

Galia Golan
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #249, 1992. PDF 37 pages.

Herbert Hoover's Brush with Bolshevism (1992)

Bertrand M Patenaude
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #248, 1992. PDF 19 pages.

Mental Stereotypes of Home Soveticus as Reflected in Architectural and Industrial Design (1992)

J. Rozin, E. Pavlovskaia, and Irene Zarinskaya
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #245, 1992. PDF 29 pages.

Stalinism As I Saw It (1992)

Sergo A. Mikoyan
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #244, 1992. PDF 57 pages.

Relativistic Patterns in Totalitarian Thinking: An Inquiry into the Language of Soviet Ideology (1991)

Mikhail Naumovich Epstein
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #243, 1990. PDF 106 pages.

Dynamics of the Soviet Illicit Drug Market (1991)

Rennselaer W. Lee III
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #242, 1990. PDF 100 pages.

Sovietology: From Stagnation to Perestroika? A Decade of Doctoral Research in Soviet Politics (1991)

Peter Rutland
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #241, 1990. PDF 44 pages.

SDI and Defensive Doctrine: The Evolving Soviet Debate (1991)

Stephen Blank
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #240, 1990. PDF 46 pages.

Looking Back at Sovietology: An Interview with William Odom and Alexander Dallin (1990)

Daniel Abele
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #239, 1990. PDF 22 pages.

Transition to Democracy in the USSR: Ending the Monopoly of Power and the Evolution of New Political Forces (1990)

Guilietto Chiesa
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #237, 1990. PDF 32 pages.

Mothering, Medicine, and Infant Mortality in Russia: Some Comparisons (1990)

David Lorimer Ransel
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #236, 1990. PDF 47 pages.

Conserving the Past in Soviet Cities (1990)

R. Antony French
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #235, 1990. PDF 32 pages.

The Poetics of Ivan Turgenev (1989)

Elizabeth Cheresh Allen, Donald Fanger, Robert Jackson, David A. Lowe, and Dale E. Peterson
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #234, 1989. PDF 65 pages.

The Millenium of Russia's First Perestroika: The Origins of a Kievan Glass Industry Under Prince Vladimir (1989)

Thomas S. Noonan
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #233, 1989. PDF 44 pages.

Soviet Wage Policy and Distribution Debates (1989)

Hans Aage
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #232, 1989. PDF 52 pages.

Funny Things Are Happening on the Way to the Bakhtin Forum (1989)

Nina M Perlina
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #231, 1989. PDF 29 pages.

Soviet Defense Policy: A Conference Report (1989)

Jeremy Azrael, Lawrence Caldwell, Matthew Evangelista, Amb. Raymond L. Garthoff, Rose Gottemoeller , Ed A. Hewett, Mark N. Katz, Robert S. Litwak, Michael MccGwire, Philip Petersen, Notra Trulock, Edward Warner, and David Ochmanek
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #230, 1989. PDF 45 pages.

Lessons of U.S.-Soviet Relations (1989)

Seweryn Bialer
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #229, 1989. PDF 41 pages.

Death and Dying in Early Modern Russia (1988)

Daniel Hugh Kaiser
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #228, 1988. PDF 40 pages.

Soviet-Latin American Economic Relations (1988)

Ruben Berrios
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #227, 1988. PDF 41 pages.

Trends in Soviet Policies for Developing Water Resources (1988)

David Tolmazin
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #226, 1988. PDF 41 pages.

The Taganka: Russian Political Theater, 1964-84 (1988)

Alexander Gershkovich
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #225, 1988. PDF 29 pages.

Time, Backward! Memory and the Past in Soviet Russian Village Prose (1988)

Kathleen Parthe
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #224, 1988. PDF 29 pages.

The Soviet Rock Scene (1988)

Pedro Ramet and Sergei Zamascikov
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #223, 1988. PDF 38 pages.

Nikolai Zabolotsky's Utopian Vision (1987)

Darra Goldstein
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #222, 1987. PDF 40 pages.

Inner Migrations: Iurii Trifonov's Last Stories (1987)

Josephine Ziona Woll
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #221, 1987. PDF 25 pages.

The Blagovest Theme in Russian Music (1987)

Edward Vinson Williams
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #220, 1987. PDF 129 pages.

More Power to the Soviets? The Poti Experiment and Changes in City Government (1987)

Darrell Slider
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #219, 1987. PDF 31 pages.

Migration and Agricultural Development in Soviet Central Asia (1987)

Gregory Gleason
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #218, 1987. PDF 20 pages.

Marxism and Totalitarianism: Rudolph Hilferding and the Mensheviks (1987)

Andre Liebich
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #217, 1987. PDF 70 pages.

Red-Collar Crime: Elite Crime in the USSR and Poland (1987)

Maria Los
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #216, 1987. PDF 29 pages.

Popular Piety, Local Initiative, and the Founding of Women's Religious Communities in Russia, 1764-1907 (1987)

Brenda Meehan-Waters
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #215, 1987. PDF 37 pages.

Evidence of Aesopian Language in the Writings of Joseph Stalin (1987)

Robert Himmer
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #214, 1987. PDF 32 pages.

Cinema and the Russian Avant-Garde: Aesthetics and Politics (1986)

Anna Lawton
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #213, 1986. PDF 49 pages.

Soviet Policy Toward Syria, 1976-1986: Factionalism and the Limits of Influence (1986)

Pedro Ramet
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #212, 1986. PDF 44 pages.

Soviet Azerbaijan Today: The Problems of Group Identity (1986)

Tadeusz Swietochowski
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #211, 1986. PDF 21 pages.

Anti-Soviet Insurgencies: Growing Trend or Passing Phase (1986)

Mark N. Katz
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #210, 1986. PDF 45 pages.

Is the Soviet Union Really a Threat to Asia? (1986)

Thomas W. Robinson
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #209, 1986. PDF 22 pages.

Gorbachev's Revolutionary Changes (1986)

Ernst W Kux
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #208, 1986. PDF 20 pages.

Economic Relations Between the Soviet Union and Czechoslovakia in the 1980's (1986)

Franz-Lothar Altmann
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #207, 1986. PDF 43 pages.

Patterns of Property Devolution among Ukrainian Peasants in Kiev and Kharkiv Provinces, 1861-1900 (1986)

Christine Diane Worobec
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #206, 1986. PDF 56 pages.

Selected Bibliography of Sources on Soviet Agriculture (1986)

Kenneth Gray
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #205, 1986. PDF 46 pages.

Recent Soviet Archival Literature: A Review and Preliminary Bibliography of Selected Reference Aids (1986)

Patricia Kennedy Grimsted
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #204, 1986. PDF 138 pages.

The Archival Legacy of the Soviet Ukraine: Problems of Tracing the Documentary Records of a Divided Nation (1986)

Patricia Kennedy Grimsted
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #203, 1986. PDF 24 pages.

The Politics of Religion in the Ukraine: The Orthodox Church and the Ukrainian Revolution, 1917-1919 (1985)

Bohdan Rostyslav Bociurkiw
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #202, 1985. PDF 72 pages.

Is There Censorship in the Soviet Union? (1985)

Valery Golovskoy
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #201, 1985. PDF 37 pages.

The Militarization of socialism in Russia, 1902-1946 (1985)

Robert V. Daniels
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #200, 1985. PDF 36 pages.

Experimental Production and R & D in the USSR (1985)

Gordon B. Smith
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #199, 1985. PDF 14 pages.

Eastern Europe: Fifty Years of Changes and Constraints (1985)

George Hoffman
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #198, 1985. PDF 25 pages.

Tolstoy's Esthetics and the Modern Idiom in Art (1985)

Frank R. Silbajoris
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #197, 1985. PDF 35 pages.

Dilemmas and Directions in Soviet Force Development Policy (1985)

William E. Odom
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #196, 1985. PDF 18 pages.

Soviet Theatre in Transition (1985)

Alma H Law
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #195, 1985. PDF 31 pages.

Soviet Central Planning: Probing the Limits of the Traditional Model (1984)

Ed A. Hewett
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #194, 1984. PDF 61 pages.

Soviet Schoolteachers and Moscow (1984)

Larry E. Holmes
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #193, 1984. PDF 41 pages.

Soviet Policies on Dissent and Emigration: The Radical Changes of Course Since 1979 (1984)

Peter Reddaway
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #192, 1984. PDF 60 pages.

The Quality of Life in the Soviet Union. A Conference Report (1984)

Herbert J. Ellison, Bradford P. Johnson, and Evan A. Raynes
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #191, 1984. PDF 54 pages.

Conceptualizing Political Participation in the USSR: Two Decades of Debate (1984)

Jeffrey Hahn
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #190, 1984. PDF 19 pages.

Fifty Years of Diplomatic Relations Between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (1984)

James H. Billington, George F. Kennan, and Anatoly Dobrinin
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #189, 1984. PDF 34 pages.

The Defense Council in Soviet Leadership Decision-Making (1984)

Ellen Jones
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #188, 1984. PDF 66 pages.

Economic Stringency, Political Succession, and Stability in Eastern Europe (1984)

Sarah Meiklejohn Terry
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #187, 1984. PDF 96 pages.

The Soviet Union in the Middle East (1984)

John C. Campbell
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #185, 1984. PDF 17 pages.

Soviet Policy in the Caribbean Basin: The Grenada Case Study (1984)

Jiri Valenta and Virginia Valenta
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #184, 1984. PDF 44 pages.

Soviet Policy in the Caribbean and Central America: Opportunities and Restraints (1984)

Howard J Wiarda
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #183, 1984. PDF 21 pages.

Southeast Asia, the USSR, and Vietnam (1984)

Douglas Pike
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #182, 1984. PDF 15 pages.

The Present Stage in Sino-Soviet Relations (1984)

Harry Gelman
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #181, 1984. PDF 14 pages.

USSR-Japan Relations (1984)

Hiroshi Kimura
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #180, 1984. PDF 13 pages.

U.S.-Soviet Global Rivalry and Western Europe (1984)

Vernon V. Aspaturian
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #179, 1984. PDF 29 pages.

The Economics and Politics of Soviet Economic Relations with Western Europe (1984)

Angela Stent
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #178, 1984. PDF 17 pages.

Soviet Perspectives in Western Europe (1984)

Hannes Adomeit
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #177, 1984. PDF 12 pages.

Regional Implications of the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan (1984)

Melvin A. Goodman
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #176, 1984. PDF 17 pages.

Burdens and Benefits of the Soviet Empire in Eastern Europe (1984)

Charles Gati
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #175, 1984. PDF 13 pages.

Eastern Europe and the Future of the Soviet Empire (1984)

Vojtech Mastny
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #173, 1984. PDF 21 pages.

Prospects for Afghanistan (1984)

Zalmay Khalilzad
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #172, 1984. PDF 28 pages.

The Realities and Dilemmas in Polish-Soviet Economic Relations (1984)

Jan Chowaniec
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #171, 1984. PDF 138 pages.

Leonard Bertram Schapiro (1908-1983): An Intellectual Memoir (1984)

Peter Reddaway
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #170, 1984. PDF 38 pages.

Stalinism Versus Bolshevism? A Reconsideration (1984)

Robert C. Tucker
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #169, 1984. PDF 38 pages.

The Nationality Problem and the Soviet Future (1983)

Gail Warshofsky Lapidus
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #168, 1983. PDF 44 pages.

Politics of Soviet Industrialization: Vesenkha and its Relationship with Rabkrin, 1929-30 (1983)

Sheila Fitzpatrick
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #167, 1983. PDF 59 pages.

Stalin: The Disloyal Patron? (1983)

Harry T Rigby
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #166, 1983. PDF 20 pages.

Dialectics in Contemporary Soviet Philosophy (1982)

James P Scanlan
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #162, 1982. PDF 54 pages.

The Paperscape: A View from the Flag Tower of the Smithsonian Institution Building. An Attempt at Introspection; or How Some Stack of Paper Turns into a Russian Novel (1982)

Vassily Aksyhonov
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #161, 1982. PDF 38 pages.

The Performance of the Soviet Economy: Past, Present, and Future (1982)

Franklyn D Holzman
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #160, 1982. PDF 88 pages.

The End of Ethnic Integration in Southern Central Asia (1981)

Edward Allworth
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #159, 1981. PDF 28 pages.

Solution in Afghanistan: From Swedenization to Finlandization (1981)

Jagat Singh Mehta
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #158, 1981. PDF 53 pages.

Yugoslavia After Tito (1981)

Steven L. Burg, Donald W. Green, James H. Seroka, Paul Shoup, and Laura D'Andrea Tyson
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #157, 1981. PDF 80 pages.

Russia and the West (1981)

Ilya Serman
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #156, 1981. PDF 26 pages. [In Russian]

Soviet Planning: Evolution in 1965-80 (1982)

Fyodor I. Kushnirsky
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #155, 1982. PDF 200 pages.

Economy and Family in the USSR (1981)

Joseph S Berliner
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #154, 1981. PDF 69 pages.

Soviet Afghanistan (1981)

Henry S Bradsher
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #153, 1981. PDF 47 pages.

Utopia and Experiment in the Russian Revolution: Some Preliminary Thoughts (1981)

Richard Stites
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #152, 1981. PDF 42 pages.

The Utopian and the Heroic: Divergent Paths to the Communist Ideal (1981)

James C McClelland
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #150, 1981. PDF 29 pages.

Housing for the Masses (1981)

Anatole Kopp
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #149, 1981. PDF 25 pages.

Constructivism and Early Soviet Fashion Design (1981)

John Bowlt
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #148, 1981. PDF 20 pages.

Iconoclasm in the Russian Revolution: Destroying and Preserving the Past (1981)

Richard Stites
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #147, 19781. PDF 33 pages.

The Myth of Lenin During the Civil War Years (1981)

Nina Tumarkin
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #146, 19781. PDF 27 pages.

The Origins of Soviet Ethics (1981)

George Kline
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #145, 1981. PDF 23 pages.

Lenin and the Freedom of the Press (1981)

Peter Kenez
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #144, 1981. PDF 28 pages.

Myth and Authority in Early Soviet Culture (1981)

Robert C. Williams
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #143, 1981. PDF 34 pages.

Films without Film: The Birth Pangs of Soviet Cinema (1981)

Richard Taylor
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #142, 1981. PDF 23 pages.

Village Women Experience in the Revolution (1981)

Beatrice Farnsworth
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #141, 1981. PDF 58 pages.

The Birth of the New Soviet Woman (1981)

Barbara Evans Clements
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #140, 1981. PDF 33 pages.

Theater and Revolution: From Cult to Proletkul't (1981)

Lars Kleberg
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #139, 1981. PDF 22 pages.

Discontinuity in the Spread of Popular Print Culture, 1917-1927 (1981)

Jeffrey P. Brooks
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #138, 1981. PDF 44 pages.

Lenin's Bolshevism as a Culture in the Making (1981)

Robert C. Tucker
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #137, 1981. PDF 28 pages.

The Cultural Revolution (1981)

David Joravsky
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #136, 1981. PDF 30 pages.

The Provisional Government and its Cultural Work (1981)

Daniel Orlovsky
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #135, 1981. PDF 21 pages.

The Civil War as a Formative Experience (1981)

Sheila Fitzpatrick
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #134, 1981. PDF 55 pages.

Contradictions of Revolution: Juvenile Crime and Rehabilitation (1981)

Peter H. Juviler
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #133, 1981. PDF 31 pages.

Two Views on Soviet Collectivization of Agriculture (1981)

James R. Millar
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #132, 1981. PDF 17 pages.

Why Did NEP Fail? (1981)

Mark Harrison
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #131, 1981. PDF 21 pages.

Rural Living Standards in the Soviet Union (1981)

Gertrude Schroeder Greenslade
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #130, 1981. PDF 27 pages.

Production Functions and Soviet Agriculture: Differences in Technology by Type of Farm (1981)

Michael Wyzan
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #129, 1981. PDF 38 pages.

The Effects of the Private Sector on the Labor Behavior of Soviet Collective Farmers (1981)

Clark Chandler
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #128, 1981. PDF 29 pages.

Improved Agricultural Location? Econometric Evidence from the Ukraine (1981)

Kenneth Gray
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #127, 1981. PDF 34 pages.

Changes in the Soviet Model of Rural Transformation (1981)

Alfred Evans
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #126, 1981. PDF 26 pages.

A Reevaluation of Soviet Agricultural Production in the 1920s and 1930s (1981)

Stephen George Wheatcroft
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #125, 1981. PDF 23 pages.

Agro-Industrial Complexes: Recent Structural Reform in the USSR Rural Economy (1981)

Valentin Litvin
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #124, 1981. PDF 22 pages.

Demography and Soviet Society: Social and Cultural Aspects (1981)

Murray Feshbach
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #123, 1981. PDF 81 pages.

Moscow's Moves in the Direction of the Gulf: So Near and Yet So Far (1981)

Karen Dawisha
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #122, 1981. PDF 26 pages.

The Origins of the Soviet Press (1980)

Peter Kenez
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #121, 1980. PDF 51 pages.

The Western Borderlands of the Russian Empire, 1710-1870 (1980)

Edward C. Thaden
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #120, 1980. PDF 21 pages.

Beria, His Enemies, and Their Georgian Clienteles, 1949-1953 (1980)

Charles H. Fairbanks Jr.
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #119, 1980. PDF 54 pages.

Enforcement of Law and the Second Economy (1980)

Stanislaw Pomorski and George Ginsburgs
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #118, 1980. PDF 84 pages.

The Second Economy of Rural China (1980)

Anita Chan and Jonathan Unger
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #117, 1980. PDF 40 pages.

Books in the Soviet Second Economy (1980)

Keith Bush
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #116, 1980. PDF 16 pages.

Regional Dimensions of the "Second Economy" in the USSR (1980)

Gertrude Schroeder Greenslade
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #115, 1980. PDF 38 pages.

Private Foreign Exchange Markets in Eastern Europe and the USSR (1980)

Jan Vanous
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #114, 1980. PDF 66 pages.

The Second Economy in Consumer Goods and Services (1980)

Dennis O'Hearn
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #113, 1980. PDF 48 pages.

Repressed Inflation and Price Controls in the Soviet Household Sector (1980)

Joyce Pickersgill
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #112, 1980. PDF 38 pages.

The Second Economy and Corruption at the District Level (1980)

Konstantin Simis
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #111, 1980. PDF 22 pages.

Corruption in a Soviet-Type Economy: Theoretical Considerations (1980)

John Michael Montias and Susan Rose-Ackerman
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #110, 1980. PDF 54 pages.

Private Entrepreneurs and the Communist Political Machine: A Hungarian Cast Study (1980)

Kalman Rupp
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #109, 1980. PDF 40 pages.

Second and First Economies and Economic Reforms (1980)

Igor Birman
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #108, 1980. PDF 34 pages. [In Russian]

Nationalisme et Socialisme dans le Mouvement Revolutionnaire Armenien, 1887-1912 (1980)

Anahïde Ter Minassian
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #107, 1980. PDF 55 pages. [In French]

Revolution and Liberation in the Programs of the Dashnaktsutine, 1892 and 1907 (1980)

Gerard J. Libaridian
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #106, 1980. PDF 28 pages.

Iran and Caucasia (1980)

Nina G. Garsoian
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #105, 1980. PDF 15 pages.

Britain and the Transcaucasian Nationalities During the Russian Civil War (1980)

Artin H. Arslanian
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #104, 1980. PDF 24 pages.

Azerbaijan: The Foreign Influences (1980)

Chantal Lemercier-Quelquejay
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #103, 1980. PDF 14 pages.

Population Redistribution and the Ethnic Balance in Transcaucasia (1980)

Brian D. Silver
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #102, 1980. PDF 37 pages.

Transcaucasia Since Stalin: The Economic Dimension (1980)

Gertrude Schroeder Greenslade
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #101, 1980. PDF 31 pages.

The Transformation of Armenian Society under Stalin (1980)

Mary Kilbourne Matossian
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #100, 1980. PDF 15 pages.

Caucasian Armenia Between Imperial and Soviet Rule: The Interlude of National Independence (1980)

Richard G. Hovannisian
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #99, 1980. PDF 53 pages.

Viceroy Vorontsov's Administration of the Caucasus (1980)

L. H. Rhinelander
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #98, 1980. PDF 36 pages.

The Origins of Caucasian Civilization: The Christian Component (1980)

R. W. Thomson
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #97, 1980. PDF 30 pages.

National Consciousness and Political Orientations in Azerbaijan, 1905-20 (1980)

Tadeusz Swietochowski
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #96, 1980. PDF 41 pages.

Mikoyan, Stalin, and the Struggle for Power in Transcaucasia, 1919-22 (1980)

Stephen Blank
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #95, 1980. PDF 35 pages.

Economic Development and Political Reform in Baku: The Response of the Azerbaidzhani Bourgeoisie (1980)

Audrey Alstadt
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #94, 1980. PDF 28 pages.

Nationalism and Social Class in the Russian Revolution: The Cases of Baku and Tiflis (1980)

Ronald Grigor Suny
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #93, 1980. PDF 32 pages.

The Turkic Peoples and Caucasia (1980)

Peter B. Golden
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #92, 1980. PDF 37 pages.

The Population of Persian Armenia Prior to and Immediately Following its Annexation to the Russian Empire, 1826-32 (1980)

George A. Bournoutian
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #91, 1980. PDF 18 pages.

The Emergence of Political Society in Georgia (1980)

Ronald Grigor Suny
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #90, 1979. PDF 54 pages.

The Political Economy of Soviet New Towns (1979)

Timothy J Colton
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #89, 1979. PDF 26 pages.

Modeling Housing Demand for Soviet Cities (1979)

David Segal
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #88, 1979. PDF 17 pages.

Recent Reforms in the Soviet Housing Construction Process (1979)

Henry W. Morton
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #87, 1979. PDF 21 pages.

Soviet Construction under Difficult Climatic Conditions (1979)

Andrew Assur
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #86, 1979. PDF 20 pages.

Soviet Building Design and Construction (1979)

Robert R. Ramsey
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #85, 1979. PDF 11 pages.

USSR Practices in Heat and Power Supply (1979)

William Diskant
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #84, 1979. PDF 22 pages.

Building Materials and Components (1979)

Robert E. Philleo
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #83, 1979. PDF 13 pages.

Housing in Central Asia: Demography, Ownership, Tradition. The Uzbek Example (1979)

Michael Rywkin
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #82, 1979. PDF 14 pages.

Urban Forms and Infrastructure in the Soviet Union (1979)

Thomas M. Poulsen
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #81, 1979. PDF 22 pages.

Reflections on the Planning of Old and New Cities in the USSR (1979)

Jack A. Underhill
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #80, 1979. PDF 22 pages.

The Expansion of Soviet Science (1979)

Blair A. Ruble
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #79, 1979. PDF 34 pages.

Labor Markets in the USSR (1979)

David Granick
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #78, 1979. PDF 27 pages.

Documents on Alaska and the Russian-American Company in the Collection of G. V. Iudin (1979)

A. A. Preobrazhenskii
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #77, 1979. PDF 30 pages.

Russian America in the Personal Archival Collections of Leaders of the Russian-American Company (Ivan Kuskov, Kirill Khlebnikov, Ferdinand Wrangel) (1979)

S. G. Fedorova
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #76, 1979. PDF 46 pages.

Russian America and International Relations from the 18th to the First Half of the 19th Centuries (1979)

Nikolai Nikolaevich Bolkhovitinov
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #75, 1979. PDF 46 pages.

How the Russians became Interested in the "Unknown" Shores of the American Northwest (1979)

B. P. Polevoi
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #73, 1979. PDF 36 pages.

The United States, Russia, and Russian-America (1979)

Howard I. Kushner
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #71, 1979. PDF 51 pages.

Russian Dependence Upon the Natives of Russian America (1979)

James R. Gibson
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #70, 1979. PDF 38 pages.

The Architecture and Settlements of Russian America (1979)

Anatole Senkevitch
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #69, 1979. PDF 48 pages.

Economic Foundations of Russian America (1979)

Winston Sarafian
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #68, 1979. PDF 25 pages.

The Russian-American Company and the Imperial Government (1979)

Mary E. Wheeler
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #67, 1979. PDF 41 pages.

Little Known Bibliographic and Archival Materials on Russian America (1979)

Richard A. Pierce
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #66, 1979. PDF 18 pages.

Soviet Georgia in the Seventies (1979)

Ronald Grigor Suny
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #64, 1979. PDF 16 pages.

Soviet Armenia (1979)

Gerard J. Libaridian
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #63, 1979. PDF 17 pages.

Transcaucasia within the Economy of the USSR: A Preliminary Assessment (1979)

Gertrude Schroeder Greenslade
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #62, 1979. PDF 20 pages.

Azerbaidzhan (1979)

Alexandre Bennigsen
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #61, 1979. PDF 18 pages.

The Caucasus Region and Relations with the Central Government (1979)

Firuz Kazemzadeh
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #60, 1979. PDF 12 pages.

The Scientific-Technological Revolution: Economic to Scientific Determinism? (1979)

Cyril E Black
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #59, 1979. PDF 15 pages.

Management of Agricultural Estates in Tsarist Russia (1978)

Olga Crisp
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #58, 1978. PDF 88 pages.

Notes on Jewish Entrepreneurship in Tsarist Russia (1978)

Arcadius Kahan
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #57, 1978. PDF 39 pages.

The Party as Manager and Entrepreneur (1978)

Gregory Grossman
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #56, 1978. PDF 38 pages.

Foreign Participation in Russian Economic Life: Notes on British Enterprise, 1865-1917 (1978)

Fred V. Carstensen
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #55, 1978. PDF 31 pages.

Organizing for Innovation in the 1970s (1978)

Paul Cocks
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #54, 1978. PDF 54 pages.

Notes on Entrepreneurship in Russia and the "Russification" of Foreign Enterprise (1978)

Walther Kirchner
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #53, 1978. PDF 27 pages.

Socializing for Modernization in a Multi-Ethnic Elite (1978)

John A. Armstrong
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #52, 1978. PDF 40 pages.

Russian Industrialists during World War I: The Interaction of Economics and Politics (1978)

Ruth A. Roosa
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #51, 1978. PDF 50 pages.

The Red/Expert Debate: Continuities in the State/Entrepreneur Tension (1978)

Gregory Guroff
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #50, 1978. PDF 38 pages.

Entrepreneurs and Entrepreneurship in Sixteenth-Seventeenth Century Russia (1978)

Samuel H. Baron
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #49, 1978. PDF 50 pages.

The Soviet Farm Manager as an Entrepreneur (1978)

Betty A. Laird and Roy A. Laird
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #48, 1978. PDF 38 pages.

Economic Innovation and Economic Management (1978)

David Granick
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #47, 1978. PDF 35 pages.

Economic Policy of the Tsarist Government and Entrepreneurship in Russia at the End of the 19th and Beginning of the 20th Century (1978)

Boris V. Anan'ich
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #46, 1978. PDF 30 pages.

The Impact of Global Stagflation on the Hungarian Economy (1978)

Alan Brown and Marton Tardos
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #45, 1978. PDF 57 pages.

The Impact of External Economic Disturbances on Poland since 1971 (1978)

Zbigniew M. Fallenbuchl
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #44, 1978. PDF 98 pages.

The Energy Crisis, Western "Stagflation" and the Evolution of Soviet-East European Relations: An Initial Assessment (1978)

William Zimmerman
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #43, 1978. PDF 52 pages.

The Impact of External Economic Disturbances on the Internal Politics of Eastern Europe: The Polish and Hungarian Cases (1978)

Sarah Meiklejohn Terry and Andrzej Korbonski
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #42, 1978. PDF 39 pages.

Internal and External Balance in a Centrally Planned Economy (1978)

Richard Portes
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #41, 1978. PDF 29 pages.

The Impact of External Economic Disturbances on Yugoslavia: Theoretical and Empirical Explorations (1978)

Laura D'Andrea Tyson and Egon Neuberger
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #40, 1978. PDF 72 pages.

The Soviet-Type Economy as a Generator of Economic Disturbances (1978)

Colin Lawson and Peter John Wiles
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #39, 1978. PDF 38 pages.

External Inflation, the Balance of Trade and Resource Allocation in Small Centrally Planned Economies (1978)

Thomas A. Wolf
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #38, 1978. PDF 43 pages.

The Sensitivity of the Soviet Economy to Foreign and Domestic Economic Shocks (1978)

Steven Rosefielde
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #37, 1978. PDF 52 pages.

The International Transmission of Economic Disturbances: A Framework for Comparative Analysis (1978)

Laura D'Andrea Tyson and Peter P. Kenen
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #36, 1978. PDF 57 pages.

The Human Sciences as a Self-Defeating and Subversive Venture (1978)

David Joravsky
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #35, 1978. PDF 47 pages.

The USSR and Sources of Soviet Policy (1978)

William G. Hyland, William Luers, Klaus Mehnert, Roman Kolkowicz , W. Y. Smith, Gregory Grossman, Herbert S. Levine, Murray Feshbach, Alexander Dallin, James H. Billington, and Jerry F Hough
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #34, 1978. PDF 128 pages.

Russia as a Great Power, 1709-1856: Reflections on the Problem of Relative Backwardness, with Special Reference to the Russian Army and Russian Society (1978)

Walter M Pintner
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #33, 1978. PDF 66 pages.

The Second Currency in the Soviet Union: On the Use of Checks in "Valuta-Rubles" (1978)

Dietrich A Loeber
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #32, 1978. PDF 18 pages.

Soviet Income Maintenance Programs in the Struggle against Poverty (1978)

Bernice Madison
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #31, 1978. PDF 94 pages.

Dumping Oils: Soviet Art Sales and the Soviet-American Relations, 1928-1933 (1977)

Robert C. Williams
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #30, 1977. PDF 47 pages.

Interdependence and/or Security? A Soviet Dilemma (1977)

Walter C. Clemens, Jr
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #28, 1977. PDF 166 pages.

Chapter XIII from "An Introduction to Nineteenth-Century Russian Slavophilism." A Study in Ideas, Volume III (1977)

Peter K Christoff and K. S. Aksakov
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #27, 1977. PDF 34 pages.

Fonvizin, Russia, and Europe (1977)

Charles A Moser
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #26, 1977. PDF 32 pages.

Leningrad: A Political History, 1934-53 (1977)

Kenneth Kerst
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #25, 1977. PDF 115 pages.

The Westward Expansion of the USSR (1977)

John A. Armstrong
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #24, 1977. PDF 19 pages.

Troublemakers in Uniform (1977)

Vera S. Dunham
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #22, 1977. PDF 29 pages.

Diversity in Unity: Eurocommunism and the Soviet Union (1977)

Jan F. Triska
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #20, 1977. PDF 50 pages.

Coping with MIRV in a MAD World (1977)

William C. Potter
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #19, 1977. PDF 39 pages.

The Politics of Achieving Meaningful Arms Control (1977)

Herbert Scoville Jr.
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #18, 1977. PDF 13 pages.

Theory and Practice of Soviet Collective Agriculture (1975)

D. Gale Johnson
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #17, 1975. PDF 41 pages.

Comparative Output and Productivity of U.S. and Soviet Agriculture (1976)

Douglas B. Diamond
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #16, 1976. PDF 36 pages.

Models of Socialist Agriculture: The Soviet Case in Historical Perspective (1976)

James R. Millar
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #15, 1976. PDF 16 pages.

The International Activities of the Soviet Trade Unions (1977)

Benjamin Martin
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #14, 1977. PDF 30 pages.

Spontaneous Workers' Activity in the Soviet Union (1977)

Alex Pravda
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #13, 1977. PDF 35 pages.

The National Politics of Labor Policy: The Soviet Government's Role in Allocating Its Labor Force (1977)

Philip Grossman
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #12, 1977. PDF 33 pages.

Absenteeisms: Moods around the Waning Theme of Worker as Hero in Recent Soviet Literature (1977)

Vera S. Dunham
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #11, 1977. PDF 28 pages.

The Industrial Workers in the Soviet Union: Some of Their Social Problems (1977)

Arcadius Kahan
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #10, 1977. PDF 18 pages.

The Soviet Worker: Social Stratification and Political Perceptions (1977)

Walter Connor
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #9, 1977. PDF 36 pages.

The Soviet Worker at Home: A Sociological Perspective (1977)

Mervyn Matthews
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #8, 1977. PDF 46 pages.

Income of Families of Soviet Workers: Economic Normative and Sociological Aspects (1977)

Aaron Vinokur
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #7, 1977. PDF 64 pages.

The Female Industrial Labor Force: Dilemmas, Reassessments, and Options in Current Policy Debates (1977)

Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #6, 1977. PDF 58 pages.

Workers and Technical Management in the USSR (1977)

Rennselaer W. Lee III
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #5, 1977. PDF 54 pages.

The Role of the Factory Trade Union Committee in Administration of Welfare Benefits (1977)

Bernice Madison
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #4, 1977. PDF 58 pages.

The Role of the Factory Trade Union Committee in Defense of Workers' Legal Rights (1977)

Blair A. Ruble
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #3, 1977. PDF 48 pages.

Recent Trends in the Soviet Industrial Wage Structure (1977)

Janet G. Chapman
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #2, 1977. PDF 74 pages.

The Structure and Composition of the Soviet Industrial Labor Force (1977)

Murray Feshbach
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #1, 1977. PDF 30 pages.

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