Africa Publications

Strengthening Africa's Security Governance: Are We Reaching Take-Off Velocity?

Jun 23, 2015
Africa Program Global Fellow Dr. James A. Schear analyzes the Security Governance Initiative (SGI) which was announced at last year's U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit. Schear discusses the aspects of the SGI which he foresees as being the most challenging to implement. more

Urban Opportunities: Perspectives on Climate Change, Resilience, and Inclusion

Urban Opportunities: Perspectives on Climate Change, Resilience, and Inclusion

Jan 29, 2015
This publication marks the 5th year of the Urban Poverty Paper Competition for advanced graduate students sponsored by the Wilson Center's Urban Sustainability Laboratory, USAID, International Housing Coalition, the World Bank, and Cities Alliance. The volume includes original, solutions-oriented research by winning authors to assess existing urban policy and practice. more

Regional and Global Energy Series

Jan 27, 2015
The Wilson Center's new Regional and Global Energy Series addresses the growing debate on international energy issues in their security, political, economic, and environmental dimensions. more

The Hybridization of Security Sector Governance for Peace-Building and State-Building In Somalia

Nov 05, 2014
"The collapse of the Somali central government and the ensuing anarchy resulted in major insecurity that compelled the indigenous population to seek alternative means to safeguard its livelihood. This led to the proliferation of non-state security actors, the rise in their legitimacy, and the emergence of hybridized security sector governance. This paper argues for the use of hybridized security governance to consolidate peace and state building in contemporary Somalia and gives insight into how neighboring countries and the international community might support Somali efforts to preserve peace. It suggests that the Somalia Federal Government should decentralize security sector governance and integrate traditional justice remedies and local militias into the governance structure with well-articulated roles and a system of accountability." more

Addressing Religious Violence in sub-Saharan Africa

Sep 01, 2014
Recent events in several sub-Saharan African countries raise concerns that religiously motivated violent conflict is on the rise. Perpetrated mainly by a number of extremist religious groups claiming Islamic or Christian identity, which has escalated during the last decade, this phenomenon is becoming one of the main challenges to peace and security on the African continent and requires renewed attention from policymakers at the national and international levels. The U.S. government (USG) should pay particular attention given the United States’ commitment to religious freedom, as exemplified in its adoption of the International Religious Freedom Act in 1998. Addressing the issue of religious violence in sub-Saharan Africa requires not only a multi-level policy approach, but also the development of a holistic framework that will enable analysts and scholars to address the complexity of its causality, since religious violence is never only about religion. more

Rallying Africa to Embrace and Implement Social Innovation Policies: Lessons from Far and Near

Sep 01, 2014
"Sub-Saharan Africa’s tagline as “the next global investment hub” is becoming a cliché. Following a decade of sustained economic growth, averaging between 5 and 6% of annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth (Regional Economic Outlook, 2014) and backed by rich natural resources such as gold, timber, silver, coal and new discoveries of oil in many countries, all indicators are pointing towards a continent with formidable economic prospects. The latest ranking places Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) as the second fastest-growing continent after Asia, with seven of the world’s ten fastest-growing economies located in the region . In fact, SSA is brimming with unprecedented confidence about its future prospects as a global competitor and economic giant." more

Women’s Access to Power and Decision-Ma king in Africa: Addressing Obstacles and Offering Solutions

Sep 01, 2014
There is widespread agreement that equal access to power and decision-making for men and women is fundamental to representative and responsive governance. This has been highlighted in governance and development discourses against a background of women’s unequal and limited access to public office. Women’s substantive representation in political positions is crucial to closing the gender gap in decision-making structures. Within Africa, tremendous strides have been made towards improving women’s political inclusion in recent years. more

Women’s Access to Power and Decision-Making in Africa: Addressing Obstacles and Offering Solutions

Sep 01, 2014
There is widespread agreement that equal access to power and decision-making for men and women is fundamental to representative and responsive governance. This has been highlighted in governance and development discourses against a background of women’s unequal and limited access to public office. Women’s substantive representation in political positions is crucial to closing the gender gap in decision-making structures. Within Africa, tremendous strides have been made towards improving women’s political inclusion in recent years. more

Reflections on the Summit: Whither US-Africa Relations?

Aug 22, 2014
The recently concluded US-Africa Leaders Summit, which was held from August 4-6, 2014, was an opportunity to discuss key issues and define a way forward for US-Africa relations. Read Africa Program Director Monde Muyangwa's take on what needs to happen next. more

Governing the Horn of Africa’s Lowlands: Land Investments and Villagization in Gambella, Ethiopia

Aug 17, 2014
"Since 2001, the Ethiopian government has been committed to building a “developmental state,” one with a strong state-led macro-economic plan, much like that of East Asian countries. After 2005, the developmental agenda took center stage in public discourse. This increasingly dominant discourse frames poverty as an existential threat to Ethiopia’s survival, necessitating its eradication by hastening development at all costs. In recent years, various independent international organizations have agreed that Ethiopia is among the fastest growing economies in the world." more

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Dialogue

The Future of Higher Education

Mar 26, 2014Apr 02, 2014

Jeff Abernathy and Richard Morrill discuss how colleges and universities are dealing with rapidly rising costs and how the United States can still compete for students in a globalized environment.