Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding Publications

A Challenge: The Arab Spring in North Africa and its Ramification on the Continent

Jul 12, 2011
After the demise of the Soviet Bloc and the democratic transitions of Eastern Europe which witnessed very dramatic changes in internal and external polices of those countries, many thought that this would be the model for the Arab world to emulate. However, it was generally thought that it would be a decade before the Arab world was ready for such a transition. Accelerating the pace of democratization it was believed, would pave the way for extremist religious parties to assume power, leading to a radical shift in the foreign policy orientation of key Arab states. more

Making Peace After Genocide

Jul 12, 2011
It is a small country, no larger than the state of Maryland, with a population numbering just over 8 million. The dimensions of the human tragedy that has played itself out in Burundi since the country’s independence in 1960, however, are anything but diminutive: an estimated 400,000 killed, some 800,000 forced to flee the country, and many tens of thousands internally displaced. The human catastrophe that is Burundi is dwarfed in Africa only by its neighbor, Rwanda, which in 1994 saw close to 1 million of its population systematically murdered. This report examines the efforts that regional states and other international actors undertook to end the Burundian cycle of violence. more

Pilfering the Peace: The Nexus Between Corruption and Peacebuilding

Jul 12, 2011
How might the best practices of peacebuilding be applied to anti-corruption? Based on interviews with trainers and staff of the Burundi Leadership Training Programme (BLTP) of the Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars, this article explores possible answers to that question in light of a successful peacebuilding effort. The author also flags ideas for future projects and research at the nexus of the two fields.  more

Defusing the Population Bomb: Is Security a Rationale for Reducing Global Population Growth?

Jul 07, 2011
Urdal's analysis finds that population growth, land scarcity, and urbanization do not greatly influence patterns of war and peace, with a few exceptions. more

A Southern African Perspective on Transboundary Water Resource Management

Jul 07, 2011
Southern Africa’s transboundary rivers and their associated ecosystems could become either drivers of peace and economic integration or sources of endemic conflict, writes Anthony Turton. more

ECSP Report 8: Official Statements

Jul 07, 2011
Excerpts from recent official statements in which environment, population, and human security issues are prominently cited in the context of national and security interests. more

66. The Third Yugoslavia, 1992 - 2001

Jul 07, 2011
The Milosevic regime was a classic example of what has been called a “democradura,” i.e., a system which combined some of the mechanisms of democracy (with the result that Milosevic’s Socialists were, at one point, forced to enter into a coalition with Seselj’s Radicals, in order to form a government) with many overtly authoritarian features (among which one might mention the constriction of press freedom, the use of the police against the political opposition, and systematic violations of human rights). If, as the author has argued elsewhere, political legitimacy hinges on the observance of routinized, legal, and accepted procedures for political succession, then much depends on the origins of the given regime. Accordingly, to understand the nature of the Milosevic regime and the roots of its crisis, one must return to its origins in 1987. more

ECSP Report 3: Event Summaries, Update, and Bibliography

Jul 07, 2011
Event summaries from nine of the 1996 sessions, as well as highlights of the environment, population, and security activities of foundations, nongovernmental organizations, academic programs, and government offices, a list of Internet sites and resources, and a bibliographic guide to the literature. more

ECSP Report 6: Update and Bibliography

Jul 07, 2011
The update section is designed to highlight the environment, population, and security activities of various organizations. The bibliography includes a wide range of publications, organized by theme, which relate to environment, population, and security. more

Pages

Dialogue

The Future of Higher Education

Mar 26, 2014Apr 02, 2014

Jeff Abernathy and Richard Morrill discuss how colleges and universities are dealing with rapidly rising costs and how the United States can still compete for students in a globalized environment.