Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding Publications

A Challenge: The Arab Spring in North Africa and its Ramification on the Continent

Jul 12, 2011
After the demise of the Soviet Bloc and the democratic transitions of Eastern Europe which witnessed very dramatic changes in internal and external polices of those countries, many thought that this would be the model for the Arab world to emulate. However, it was generally thought that it would be a decade before the Arab world was ready for such a transition. Accelerating the pace of democratization it was believed, would pave the way for extremist religious parties to assume power, leading to a radical shift in the foreign policy orientation of key Arab states. more

Making Peace After Genocide

Jul 12, 2011
It is a small country, no larger than the state of Maryland, with a population numbering just over 8 million. The dimensions of the human tragedy that has played itself out in Burundi since the country’s independence in 1960, however, are anything but diminutive: an estimated 400,000 killed, some 800,000 forced to flee the country, and many tens of thousands internally displaced. The human catastrophe that is Burundi is dwarfed in Africa only by its neighbor, Rwanda, which in 1994 saw close to 1 million of its population systematically murdered. This report examines the efforts that regional states and other international actors undertook to end the Burundian cycle of violence. more

Climate-Related Conflicts in West Africa

Jul 07, 2011
Natural resource-related conflicts are the predominant types of conflict in northern Nigeria, according to research by Anthony Nyong. Predicted climactic changes will affect patterns of distribution and availability, and potentially further exacerbate conflict, he writes. more

Environmental Change, Security, and Social Conflicts in the Brazilian Amazon

Jul 07, 2011
The author analyzes the multiple and complex relationships between environmental change, notions of security, and social conflicts in the Brazilian Amazon.. more

The Young and the Restless: Population Age Structure and Civil War

Jul 07, 2011
"[T]he importance of youthful age structure—particularly in insurgency-based civil wars—should not be ignored. The relationship between large youth cohorts and civil war appears to have held throughout history," writes Sarah Staveteig. more

ECSP Report 3: Event Summaries, Update, and Bibliography

Jul 07, 2011
Event summaries from nine of the 1996 sessions, as well as highlights of the environment, population, and security activities of foundations, nongovernmental organizations, academic programs, and government offices, a list of Internet sites and resources, and a bibliographic guide to the literature. more

ECSP Report 9

Jul 07, 2011
Jane Goodall kicks off the 9th edition of the ECSP Report with her assessment of population and environment connections in Africa. The diverse collection of articles also features commentaries on global poverty and U.S. national security. Complete report. more

More Than Victims: The Role of Women in Conflict Prevention (PDF)

Jul 07, 2011
Click to see the table of contents, or download the full PDF below. more

Hong Kong Conference Report: Part 2 (Chinese)

Jul 07, 2011
Through a generous grant from the U.S. Institute of Peace, ECSP organized a forum in Hong Kong to provide opportunities for 65 environmentalists and journalists from the three areas of Greater China to discuss improving the capacity of environmental NGOs and the quality of environmental reporting in the region. Part 2 (Chinese). more

ECSP Report 7: Bibliography

Jul 07, 2011
The guide lists by theme literature that has come to the attention of ECSP in the past year on population, environmental change, and security issues. more

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Dialogue

The Future of Higher Education

Mar 26, 2014Apr 02, 2014

Jeff Abernathy and Richard Morrill discuss how colleges and universities are dealing with rapidly rising costs and how the United States can still compete for students in a globalized environment.