Democracy Publications

267. Serbia's Presidency: Between Nationalism, Reform and Apathy

Jul 07, 2011
November 2002- On December 8, 2002, Serbs failed to elect a president for their republic for the third time since September. After rancorous campaigning, an October television debate, and a disturbingly strong showing by radical nationalist Vojislav Seselj in the election's first round in September, Serbs could not be bothered to come out in sufficient numbers to validate the December election between current Yugoslav President Vojislav Kostunica, nationalist firebrand Vojislav Seselj, and Borislav Pelevic. As expected, Kostunica won handily with 57.5 percent of the vote and Pelevic's performance at the polls was inconsequential. Seselj's take of 36.3 percent of the electorate, however, was both astonishing and distressing. Yet, in spite of the fact that three candidates competed for the presidency, the principal opponent of each was once again voter apathy and Serbia's threshold requirement that a minimum of 50 percent of voters vote in order to validate an election. more

63. Decentralization and Regionalization after Communism: Lessons from Administrative and Territorial Reform in Poland and the Czech Republic

Jul 07, 2011
While the regional level of authority has gained much attention in recent years in Western Europe, Eastern Europe is still emerging from decades of centralization and homogenization under communism. Several post-communist countries, however, have taken steps toward administrative decentralization and territorial regionalization. This article explores possible reasons for taking these steps and traces the progress of administrative and territorial reform in two post-communist cases: Poland and the Czech Republic. The conclusion considers several implications of these reforms for domestic politics and foreign relations. more

Forest Plunder in Southeast Asia: An Environmental Security Nexus in Burma and Cambodia

Jul 07, 2011
The root causes of the threats to much of Asia’s biological diversity, particularly in the region’s more unstable and authoritarian countries, can be generalized in three words: conversion, consumption and corruption. more

Middle Eastern Women on the Move

Jul 07, 2011
Click to see the table of contents, or download the full PDF below. more

264. Slovak Voters Move Closer to West

Jul 07, 2011
October 2002- In parliamentary elections held on September 20-21, 2002, Slovak voters showed a clear preference for pro-Western and reform-oriented parties, while turning away from populists aimed at protecting "national" interests and potentially returning the country to international isolation. The elections produced the most homogenous government in Slovakia's short history, and the country's future – at least for the next four years – now appears rather predictable, even boring. Following an awkward introduction to the world, the elections signify that Slovakia may finally be growing up. more

Two Views on the Crisis in Sudan

Jul 07, 2011
Sudan faces multiple crises. The CPA, which ended the southern conflict, has not been fully implemented. International support has been patchy. Demarcation of the North/South border has again been postponed. Preparations for the southern and Abyei referenda, due to be held in January, are well behind schedule, as are the popular consultations in Blue Nile and South Kordofan, where state elections have been put off until November. Inter-tribal conflict troubles the South. more

Follow-up on the Kivu Peace Conference

Jul 07, 2011
L’Initiative pour un Leadership Cohésif a organisé du 28 janvier au 2 février 2008 une retraite formative avec les parties signataires de l’Acte d’engagement de Goma signé la semaine précédente (les parties absentes ont été les autorités centrales civiles et militaires. Par ailleurs, les FRF ont été matériellement empêchés de revenir à temps des Hauts Plateaux). Assistaient également les présidents des sociétés civiles et des structures de coordination de chefferie coutumière des deux provinces. more

Strategies for Promoting Gender Equity in Developing Countries: Lessons, Challenges and Opportunities

Jul 07, 2011
Strategies for Promoting Gender Equity in Developing Countries: Lessons, Challenges, and Opportunities examines both old and new strategies for promoting gender equity in development. As such, it draws upon expert scholars and practitioners to analyze individual cases from throughout the developing world. It also aims to identify policy options and suggestions for moving the current debate forward. This publication is a product of a conference co-sponsored by the Woodrow Wilson Center and the Inter-American Foundation. more

Security Sector Workshop/FARDC North Kivu

Jul 07, 2011
Du lundi 25 au vendredi 29 juin 2007 s’est tenu un Atelier « Leadership Cohésif » rassemblant la quasi-totalité des officiers congolais actuellement les plus influents dans le périmètre de la 8ème Région militaire de RDC au Nord-Kivu. Les quelque 50 officiers, souvent opposés jusque-là sur le champ de bataille ou séparés par des années de méfiance mutuelle, se sont retrouvés pour cinq jours de proximité, de face-à-face et de simulation de crises et de décisions collectives à prendre dans l’intérêt d’une nation et de ses habitants. more

It Always Rains in the Same Place First: Geographic Favoritism in Rural Burundi

Jul 07, 2011
-Field report based on the Wilson Center's Community-Based Leadership Program in Burundi more

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Dialogue

The Future of Higher Education

Mar 26, 2014Apr 02, 2014

Jeff Abernathy and Richard Morrill discuss how colleges and universities are dealing with rapidly rising costs and how the United States can still compete for students in a globalized environment.