Democratic Transition Publications

60. Governed by Accession? Hard and Soft Pillars of Europeanization in Central and Eastern Europe

Jul 07, 2011
With the collapse of state socialism in 1989, the formerly communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe (hereafter CEE) had no choice but to shake off their deeply ingrained Cold War mentality and try to take their place in a world characterized by globalization and increased regional integration. Their “return to Europe,” or integration into the structures of the European Community/European Union (EC/EU), passed an important milestone in 1993, when the EU made the historic decision to enlarge eastwards and accept new members from the formerly communist countries. Accession negotiations opened in spring 1998 for "fast-track" countries (Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovenia, and Estonia), and in February 2000 for "slow-track" countries (Bulgaria, Slovakia, Romania, Latvia, and Lithuania). This paper focuses on the CEE countries’ “accession perspective”—their motives, expectations, deliberations, and practical difficulties as they strive to become part of the EU’s anticipated eastward enlargement. more

270. Bulgaria's Delayed Transition: Problems but Progress

Jul 07, 2011
December 2002- Bulgaria's post-1989 transition to a multi-party democracy and market economy, both functioning under the rule of law, has obviously been slow if judged by Hungary's exemplary standard. Ten governments and five parliaments in 12 years have hampered the political pursuit of sustained policies. The shock of a collapsing Soviet trade regime hit Bulgarian exports – one half of which had gone to the USSR – particularly hard. Legal foreign trade suffered and illegal activity mushroomed with Western sanctions against Serbia and Greece's embargo against what it still calls the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. But that was the 1990s, and now in the new century, there are enough signs of progress to hope that impending NATO membership will indeed be followed before the end of the decade by EU membership. more

El Salvador's Democratic Transition Ten Years After the Peace Accord

Jul 07, 2011
This report results from a 2002 conference held to evaluate the ten years following the accord between El Salvador's government and guerrillas of the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front. The conference aimed to assess the nature of the democratic transition and related socio-economic developments in the post-war era. more

Opportunities and Constraints for the Disarmament and Repatriation of Foreign Armed Groups in the DRC

Jul 07, 2011
On September 13, Hans Romkema of Conflict and Transition Consultancies (CTC) presented at the Wilson Center, his report on opportunities and constraints for the disarmament and repatriation (D&R) of foreign armed groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). more

Nouvelles du BLTP No. 9

Jul 07, 2011
Summary of BLTP activities and projects, including follow up on FDN officers and political party trainings. Upcoming trainings will involve the Burundian national police high command (PNB). French only. Published in December, 2006. more

North Kivu Parliament Workshop II

Jul 07, 2011
French; May 2007. more

Democracy and Peace-building: Re-thinking the Conventional Wisdom

Jul 07, 2011
Author Posting. (c) 'The Round Table Ltd', 2008.This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of 'The Round Table Ltd' for personal use, not for redistribution.The definitive version was published in The Round Table, Volume 97 Issue 394, February 2008.doi:10.1080/00358530701844742 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00358530701844742) more

Statement by H.E. Salva Kiir, First Vice President of Sudan

Jul 07, 2011
On November 4th, 2005, H.E. Salva Kiir, First Vice President of Sudan, President of Southern Sudan and Commander-in-Chief of the SPLM, delivered a wide-ranging presentation, and released the attached statement. A video and summary of the event can be found here. more

Is EITI Another Western Agenda?

Jul 07, 2011
Experience has increasingly shown that the abundance of natural resources does not necessarily produce rapid development in countries where they are found. Instead, paradoxically, they all too often produce poverty, conflict and corruption whose consequences become increasingly widespread and impact development, not only in the country in question, but more broadly in an interconnected world. The rapidly globalizing world means that these consequences transcend boundaries and threaten stability of both the developed and developing world. It is therefore common sense that a search for the reversal of this disturbing trend becomes a global collective. more

Nouvelles du BLTP No. 8

Jul 07, 2011
Summary of BLTP activities and projects, including follow up on police and political party trainings, and upcoming trainings launched by the BLTP, French only. Published in September, 2006. more

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Dialogue

The Future of Higher Education

Mar 26, 2014Apr 02, 2014

Jeff Abernathy and Richard Morrill discuss how colleges and universities are dealing with rapidly rising costs and how the United States can still compete for students in a globalized environment.