Economics and Globalization Publications

145. Czech and Slovak Economies: Similar Problems, Different Cures

Jul 07, 2011
November 1997 - According to Jan Vanous, through 1996 the Czech Republic was "the darling of the Western economic and financial community." In 1995-96, the economy was growing at a satisfactory rate, the inflation rate was low, privatization seemed nearly complete, and the government kept a tight rein on spending. The national unemployment rate was no more than 3.5 percent, with the figure for Prague being just .2 percent. A joke going around the Czech Republic was that, in some respects, the Czechs should teach the West how to run a market economy. more

Conflict and Cooperation: Making the Case for Environmental Pathways to Peacebuilding in the Great Lakes Region

Jul 07, 2011
This brief examines the possibility of using environmental management as a pathway to peace in the Great Lakes Region. more

Hong Kong Conference Report: Sections 2-4 (English)

Jul 07, 2011
Includes sections on NGO networking and partnering; environmental education methods; and building the capacity of green NGOs. more

Issue 10: Appreciating the Complexity and Dignity of People's Lives: Integrating Population-Health-Environment Research in Peten, Guatemala

Jul 07, 2011
From 1997-1999, a team of researchers developed a new environmental module for Guatemala's Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) that analyzed the rapidly changing population-environment dynamics in the Petén frontier region. more

ECSP Report 7: Event Summaries

Jul 07, 2011
Event summaries from meetings sponsored by the Environmental Change and Security Program between August 2000 and June 2001. more

317. The Decline of Domestic Politics and Other Taxing Problems in Eastern Europe

Jul 07, 2011
October 2005 - While all governments face the challenge of specifying fiscal arrangements that guarantee the state adequate resources to ward off physical or material threats to the citizenry, the new governments after the collapse of communism faced certain challenges specific to their capitalist transformation. They had to design tax systems within the context of creating an entirely new economic system. Fundamental public sector reforms eliminated the previous system's main source of taxation. As a result of privatization, East European states could no longer rely on appropriating profits from state-owned enterprises. In the past, the state would finance expenditures primarily by transferring revenue from state firms to the federal budget. With a large portion of these enterprises undergoing privatization, the state had to develop a tax policy to collect revenue from private sector production and private individuals. Thus, a wide range of taxes had to be put into place or be significantly reformed, including private property taxes, personal income taxes, inheritance taxes, consumption taxes, real estate taxes, capital gains taxes and excise duties. In allocating the tax burden across these different tax forms, leaders had to reconcile several competing considerations: which kinds of taxes would reliably raise budgetary revenue, which tax forms were hardest to evade, which forms would seem distributionally just to a population raised in a paternalistic state and lacking personal experience in honoring tax responsibilities and which would advance the country's foreign policy goals and international interests. more

Forest Plunder in Southeast Asia: An Environmental Security Nexus in Burma and Cambodia

Jul 07, 2011
The root causes of the threats to much of Asia’s biological diversity, particularly in the region’s more unstable and authoritarian countries, can be generalized in three words: conversion, consumption and corruption. more

The WTO and MEAs: Time for a Good Neighbor Policy

Jul 07, 2011
The WTO and MEAs are neighbors in the world legal community, and need to better define their relationship so that they can operate in mutual support and harmony, writes William Krist in this policy brief. more

Preface and Introduction

Jul 07, 2011
This report by the Wilson Center's Navigating Peace Initiative, examines alternatives to large-scale infrastructure projects in the water and sanitation sectors. Preface and Introduction. more

ECSP Report 8

Jul 07, 2011
The 2002 issue of the Environmental Change and Security Program Report features 19 commentaries by experts worldwide on the most important issues for the Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development and beyond. Complete report. more

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Dialogue

The Future of Higher Education

Mar 26, 2014Apr 02, 2014

Jeff Abernathy and Richard Morrill discuss how colleges and universities are dealing with rapidly rising costs and how the United States can still compete for students in a globalized environment.