History Publications

George Kennan (The Elder) in the Russian Press, 1871-1991, an Annotated Bibliographical Index in the Russian Language (1993)

Aug 13, 2013
Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #251, 1993. PDF 76 pages more

Brazil's 1975 Nuclear Agreement with West Germany

Aug 13, 2013
As it developed its own domestic nuclear program, Brazil was defining its diplomatic stance on proliferation: signing but not implementing the Treaty of Tlatelolco and refusing to sign the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. more

Brazilian Nuclear Cooperation with the People's Republic of China

Jul 31, 2013
In the early 1980s, Brazilian nuclear activities were facing stark challenges. The 1975 Brazil-West German nuclear cooperation agreement had inspired strong opposition from the US and elsewhere. The landmark agreement provided for reactor construction and the transfer of uranium enrichment and plutonium reprocessing capabilities that would give Brazil mastery of the entire nuclear fuel cycle. Officials in Washington viewed the agreement as a major proliferation risk. more

The Brazilian Proposal to Renounce Peaceful Nuclear Explosions and the Argentine Response (1983-1985)

Jul 31, 2013
In early 1980's, Argentina and Brazil—both ruled by military dictatorships—were making significant advances in nuclear technology while undergoing radical domestic political transformations, which ultimately led to democratization in both Argentina in 1983 and Brazil in 1985. more

"It’s Not the Task of History to Prove Someone’s Ambitions"

Jul 25, 2013
The political use of history is detrimental not only to history or historiography in Russia, but also to the Russian people, to the future of Russia, and to the national identity. This idea that we are great, we are brilliant, we are the best in everything, etc. is not good... more

From the Indian Bomb to the Establishment of the First Brazil-Argentina Nuclear Agreement (1974-1980)

Jul 24, 2013
India’s first nuclear explosive test in May 1974 had deep consequences for the nuclear non-proliferation regime. The establishment of the Nuclear Suppliers Group in 1975 added to the safeguards requirements that were imposed on countries seeking nuclear technology—even those that were outside the NPT. This tightening of the nuclear technology transfer regime as a result of India’s 1974 test would have a considerable effect on the Brazilian and Argentine programs. more

Brazil-Iraq Nuclear Cooperation

Jul 24, 2013
Brazil clandestinely purchased crucial materials and know-how in the nuclear black market and proliferating countries such as China. But Brazil was also on the giving end of international nuclear cooperation. Specifically, new documents and interviews confirm that cooperation with Iraq was more extensive than previously acknowledged by officials. more

Clash of National Identities: China, Japan, and the East China Sea Territorial Dispute

Jul 17, 2013
As tensions between Japan and China continue to bubble over islands in the East China Sea, scholars from the two countries outline not only the origins, but also the policy options to resolve the territorial dispute. more

The First Attempt at Argentine-Brazilian Nuclear Cooperation and the Argentine Response, 1967-1972

Jul 12, 2013
With the aim of creating effective nuclear cooperation with Buenos Aires, Brazilian President Arthur da Costa e Silva approved the “start of preliminary conversations with a view to putting into motion the formal negotiating process for the future signature with Argentina of an Agreement on Cooperation for Nuclear Development with Peaceful Purposes.” more

Brazil-South Africa Nuclear Relations

Jul 12, 2013
This dossier deals with a little known episode in the history of Brazil’s nuclear program: South Africa’s attempt to cooperate with Brazil. more

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Dialogue

The Future of Higher Education

Mar 26, 2014Apr 02, 2014

Jeff Abernathy and Richard Morrill discuss how colleges and universities are dealing with rapidly rising costs and how the United States can still compete for students in a globalized environment.