Organized Crime Publications

Certification: The Path to Conflict-Free Minerals from Congo

Jul 21, 2011
The conflict minerals movement is gaining traction. The movement is a pragmatic effort to address one of the principal drivers of atrocities and conflict throughout Congo’s tortured history: the scramble for control of Congo's vast mineral resources. In eastern Congo today, these mineral resources are financing multiple armed groups, many of whom use mass rape as a deliberate strategy to intimidate and control local populations. Armed groups and military units earn hundreds of millions of dollars per year by trading four main minerals: the ores that produce tin, tantalum, tungsten, and gold. This money enables the militias to self-finance their campaign of brutal violence against civilians, with some of the worst abuses occurring in mining areas. more

Central America Trip Report

Security and Trade in Central America

Jul 07, 2011
The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars sponsored a congressional study trip to El Salvador and Guatemala from April 13 through April 18, 2009. It was organized by the Wilson Center on the Hill Program and the Latin American Program at the Wilson Center. The trip focused on two issues that are critical for the United States’ relationships with countries across Central America – security and economic development. more

Seguridad y Defensa en America del Norte: Nuevos dilemas geopolíticos

Jul 07, 2011
The book's authors collaborate to put forth an analysis of North American national defense policies and their implications on transnational and border security. Issues of migration and organized crime are touched upon, providing readers with an greater, in-depth understanding of security problems faced by the region as a whole. more

Reforma de las fuerzas armadas en América Latina y el impacto de las amenazas irregulares

Jul 07, 2011
Regional experts address security sector reforms in light of the increasingly unconventional and transnational nature of the threats affecting Latin America. more

Seguridad ciudadana en las Américas: Proyecto de investigación activa

Jul 07, 2011
The latest publication in the Reports on the Americas series, this book is a compilation of field reports from a team of citizen security experts working in the region. Their most recent research, presented in this report, evaluates specific instances of citizen participation in local security initiatives in five countries and presents a comparative analysis of the results. more

La Seguridad en el Caribe: Reformas y Cooperación Regional

Jul 07, 2011
This publication adds to the recent years of dialogue regarding defense and security issues in the Caribbean. Bobea et al. present their analysis in the context of this dynamic region, shedding new light on the reforms of security and defense institutions. more

Brazil's SIVAM: As It Monitors the Amazon, Will It Fulfill its Human Security Promise?

Jul 07, 2011
As Brazil implements its System for Vigilance of the Amazon (SIVAM), the country's leadership touts it as a major effort towards achieving its national security objectives, but lack of transparency and participation raise concerns. more

Environment and Security in the Amazon Basin

Jul 07, 2011
A series of three conferences were held during the Spring of 2000 to discuss issues such as: environmental and sustainable initiatives in the Amazon Basin; the roles of local, national, and international actors; Brazil's national security agenda in relation to the Amazon Basin; and the rising threat of international drug trafficking. This volume is a compilation of papers presented. more

Mafia & Co.

Jul 07, 2011
Mafia & Co. provides an analytical perspective of the inner workings and expansion of organized crime in three Latin American countries. The author provides a comparative investigation looking specifically at criminal networks in Colombia, Mexico, and Brazil. more

Global Drug Trafficking: Africa's Expanding Role

Jul 07, 2011
Africa's role in the drug trafficking industry is a strong testament to the interplay of supply and demand market expansion, to the hybridization of transnational organized crime syndicates, as well as to the need for a paradigm shift in domestic, regional and international approaches to drug trafficking interdiction. On May 28, 2009, the Africa Program of the Woodrow Wilson Center convened a conference to assess the situation of international drug trafficking and the increasingly important role that Africa plays. more

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Dialogue

The Future of Higher Education

Mar 26, 2014Apr 02, 2014

Jeff Abernathy and Richard Morrill discuss how colleges and universities are dealing with rapidly rising costs and how the United States can still compete for students in a globalized environment.