Security and Defense Publications

68. NATO as a Factor of Security Community Building: Enlargement and Democratization in Central and Eastern Europe

Jul 07, 2011
This research project is motivated by a double empirical puzzle underlying the implications of NATO enlargement for the process of security community formation in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). First, the development of institutional relationships between NATO and most of the former communist countries has led to ambiguous results in terms of reducing sources of political tension and military conflict (i.e., positive, in the case of Romania and Hungary or Hungary and Slovakia; inconclusive for Armenia and Azerbaijan; and negative for Belarus). Second, despite their relatively similar, constant and strong support for NATO membership, the countries of the region have demonstrated curious policy discrepancies, especially in contrast with the vast majority of long-term NATO members, when faced with the option of assisting certain NATO operations (i.e., the1999 military intervention in Kosovo). Accordingly, while the first empirical anomaly calls attention to possible NATO institutional effects, the second one hints to its potential normative influences. more

ECSP Report 1

Jul 07, 2011
The first-ever ECSP Report includes Geoff and David Dabelko's feature on redefining environmental security; Richard Matthew's commentary on demystifying the concept of environmental security; and Marc Levy's call for a third wave of environmental security scholarship. Complete report. more

Escaping the Resource Curse

Jul 07, 2011
This edited volume, in which leading academics, practitioners, and policymakers focus on overcoming the problems faced by states endowed with large oil and gas reserves, could not have come at a better time. more

Missing Women and Bare Branches: Gender Balance and Conflict

Jul 07, 2011
The authors ask whether societies with an abnormal ratio between men and women are less secure. more

ECSP Report 10

Jul 07, 2011
To celebrate its tenth anniversary, the 10th edition of the newly redesigned ECSP Report asked top thinkers to identify the next steps for environment, population, and security. Complete report. more

Fire & Water: Technologies, Institutions, and Social Issues in Arms Control and Transboundary Water-Resource Agreements

Jul 07, 2011
A recent workshop highlights the closeness of national security and environmental concerns through explicitly comparing the technologies, institutions, and social issues in two seemingly disparate fields: arms control and transboundary water resources. more

Environmental Change, Security, and Social Conflicts in the Brazilian Amazon

Jul 07, 2011
The author analyzes the multiple and complex relationships between environmental change, notions of security, and social conflicts in the Brazilian Amazon.. more

204. Subregional Security Arrangements in Central and Southeastern Europe

Jul 07, 2011
April 2000 - Not long ago, subregional frameworks of cooperation were perceived, due to their "soft" security issue approach, as "the Cinderellas of European security." However, throughout the last couple of years, there has been a growing awareness, both politically and institutionally, of the value of these groupings. Consequently, subregional arrangements have begun to gain their rightful place within the new evolving, institutionally comprehensive and complementary European security architecture. Currently, there is a plethora of cooperative arrangements in Central and Southeastern Europe, including the Visegrad Group, the Central European Free Trade Agreement, the Central European Initiative, the Council of the Baltic Sea States, the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, the Royaumont Process, the South-East European Cooperation Agreement, the Southeast European Cooperative Initiative, and the Stability Pact for South-East Europe, as well as a number of trilateral arrangements (between Romania, Poland, the Republic of Moldova, Bulgaria, Greece, Turkey, Hungary and Austria). Euroregions such as the Carpathian, Upper Prut, and Lower Danube as well as a number of multinational, multilateral, trilateral, and bilateral military units also exist. more

Demographic Change and Ecological Security

Jul 07, 2011
The author discusses four significant demographic issues in the context of the ecological security framework: population growth, movements, graying, and differential growth. more

Climate Change, Demography, Environmental Degradation, and Armed Conflict

Jul 07, 2011
Using geo-referenced data, Clionadh Raleigh and Henrik Urdal find that population growth and density are related to increased civil conflict, but that demographic and environmental factors are generally outweighed by political and economic ones. more

Pages

Dialogue

The Future of Higher Education

Mar 26, 2014Apr 02, 2014

Jeff Abernathy and Richard Morrill discuss how colleges and universities are dealing with rapidly rising costs and how the United States can still compete for students in a globalized environment.