Wilson Center Experts

Mary Barton

Title VIII Short Term Scholar
Kennan Institute

Expertise:
Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding
;
Global Governance
;
History
;
Human Rights
;
Security and Defense
;
Terrorism
;
Europe
;
North America
;
Russia and Eurasia
Affiliation:
Ph.D. Candidate, Corcoran Department of History, University of Virginia
Wilson Center Project(s):
"A History of Modern Counter-Terrorism, 1898-1937"
Term:
Jun 02, 2014
-
Jul 02, 2014

Mary Barton is a doctoral candidate in the Corcoran Department of History at the University of Virginia. Her research examines early terrorism and counter-terrorism from a transnational perspective.

Project Summary

My dissertation research focuses on the development of modern counter-terrorism strategies and practices in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Terrorism emerged as a distinct form of political violence in Europe during the late nineteenth century. By the mid-twentieth century, it was a global phenomenon, shifting from international anarchist violence of the 1890s to anti-colonial and state-sponsored terrorism in the 1920s and 1930s. Faced with an evolving security threat, national governments and the international community responded in a variety of ways. The diverse legal, institutional and diplomatic strategies undertaken by governments at the turn of the twentieth century mark the beginnings of contemporary counter-terrorism.

Major Publications

“The Global War on Anarchism: The United States and International Anarchist Terrorism, 1898-1904” Diplomatic History (2014)