Wilson Center Experts
William Viktorovich Smirnov
Assesses the changing patterns, level and meaning of Soviet citizens political participation. Notes the significant increase in levels of unconventional political participation and involvement in unofficial social and political movments as it occurred in tandem with a decline in ritualistic forms of political involvment. Cites the dramatic change in the actual meaning of political participation from predominantly ritualistic, disengaged and mobilized participation to genuine political participation.