Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence: A Policy-Oriented Introduction

Technological advances in artificial intelligence (AI) promise to be pervasive, with impacts and ramifications in health, economics, security and governance. In combination with other emerging and converging technologies, AI has the potential to transform our society through better decision-making and improvements to the human condition. But, without adequate risk assessment and mitigation, AI may pose a threat to existing vulnerabilities in our defenses, economic systems, and social structures.

Internet of Things Device Security and Supply Chain Management

From refrigerators (Brandom, 2016) to buildings, nearly everything in our everyday lives is connected to the Internet (Intel, n.d.). While the Internet of Things (IoT), provides valuable modern conveniences, it also raises new security concerns. Unlike rigorous national and international standards for aviation and automobile safety, or even an established “Good Housekeeping” seal for certain household products (Good Housekeeping, 2014) – there are no conventions dictating or communicating the security of IoT devices.
 

Cybersecurity Workforce Preparedness: The Need for More Policy-Focused Education

With the Internet of Things, the computerization of critical infrastructure and other essential processes, the ubiquity of computational technology has increased societal vulnerability. The complexity of cybersecurity questions has grown exponentially as attacks from foreign powers, cybercriminals, and hacktivists have risen. However, as individuals who can translate these politically-based technical challenges into policy have become more essential, degree programs focusing on cybersecurity policy have remained scarce.
 

How to Optimize Human Biology: Where Genome Editing and Artificial Intelligence Collide

Genome editing and artificial intelligence (AI) could revolutionize medicine in the United States and globally. Though neither are new technologies, the discovery of CRISPR in genome editing and advances in deep learning for AI could finally grant clinical utility to both. The medical use of these technologies individually could result in their eventual combined use, raising new and troubling ethical, legal, and social questions. If ongoing technical challenges can be overcome, will the convergence of AI and CRISPR result practitioners ‘optimizing’ human health?

The Internet of Living Things

Volunteers around the world and pocket-size genomic sequencers could play an increasing role in protecting global health and ecosystems.

 

Originally published in Scientific American, July 25 2017.

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