Cold War | Wilson Center

Cold War

Chinese in Peril in Russia: The “Millionka” in Vladivostok, 1930-1936

Image: A merchant in the Millionka. Source: Obtained by Austin Jersild from the State Archive of Primorsk Region (Gosudarstvennyi arkhiv Primorskogo kraia), Vladivostok. 

Chinese population growth in Northeast China increased from 408,000 in Heilongjiang Province in 1887 to 1.5 million by 1895, and Chinese migrants crossed the border into the Russian Far East to work on the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway, at the port in Vladivostok, and in agriculture, forestry, and mining in small towns and rural settlements. 

“If you want Peace…”: Orwellian Detours on the Path to a Politics of Peace in the early Cold War

Cold war history is replete with moments of international crises and confrontations.  But when looking closely at the archival record, one cannot help but notice how ubiquitous the talk of peace was in international relations.  By shining the archival spotlight on peace rather than war, Petra Goedde shows that a transnational politics of peace emerged that involved both high level diplomats and grassroots activist

2019: Melancholy, Remorse, and Resignation in a Year of Communist Anniversaries

2019 is a year of anniversaries in the history of global communism: the seventieth anniversaries of the founding of the German Democratic Republic and the People’s Republic of China and the sixtieth anniversary of revolutionary Cuba. Drawing upon his book, Vanguard of the Revolution: The Global Idea of the Communist Party, A.

The Interrogation Rooms of the Korean War: The Untold History

The Korean War is often synonymous with the 38th parallel and the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) on the Korean peninsula.  What happens if we tell the story of the Korean War from inside the interrogation room? Professor Monica Kim tells the story of two generations from both sides of the Pacific creating and navigating a landscape of interrogation, transforming the Korean War into a global history about warfare, decolonization, and sovereignty. 

Polish Perspectives on the Rapacki Plan for the Denuclearization of Central Europe

On October 2, 1957, speaking before the United Nations General Assembly, Polish Foreign Minister Adam Rapacki proposed the denuclearization of Central Europe. Specifically, Rapacki stated that if East Germany and West Germany denuclearized, so too would Poland. In a coordinated move, Czechoslovakia pledged its willingness to join the endeavor. Taken together, the proposal to denuclearize these four Central European states became known as the “Rapacki Plan.”[1]


The Soviet Side of the Cultural Cold War

In Enemy Number One: The United States of America in Soviet Ideology and Propaganda, 1945-1959, I analyzed how Soviet people adapted their worldview to postwar Soviet ideology, which almost overnight turned a recent friend and ally, the United States, into enemy number one.