Cold War

The Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty and the German Nuclear Question Part 1, 1954-1964

This posting is part of a series of document collections co-published by the National Security Archive and the Nuclear Proliferation International History Project to mark the 50th anniversary of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

“We will fight them to the last man”: North Korea and the USS Pueblo

On January 23, 1968, the North Koreans captured the US intelligence-gathering ship Pueblo, killing one crew member and taking 82 prisoner. Interrogated and tortured by their captors, the crew were held in North Korea for 11 months before being freed in December 1968.

Getting Russia’s Future Right: Lessons from Recent History

In 1991, the sudden collapse of the Soviet Union opened an unexpected window of opportunity for the creation of a comprehensive, cooperative, and stable European security and economic order. One of the reasons why this promising chance was missed was that the Western community of experts on Eastern Europe had, even as Mikhail Gorbachev’s perestroika was slowly turning into a full-scale revolution, not foreseen such an outcome.

Ryszard Kuklinski CIA Documents Available in HAPP Digital Archive

Declassified Documents on the Controversial Warsaw Pact Spy

Ryszard Kuklinski was a Polish colonel and Cold War spy who passed top secret Warsaw Pact documents to the United States Central Intelligence Agency between 1972 and 1981.

Book Launch | Vietnam's American War: A History

The Woodrow Wilson Center’s History and Public Policy Program welcomes Pierre Asselin for a book launch discussion of 

North Vietnamese Decision-Making, 1973-1975: An Update

Six additional sources on the end of the Vietnam War added to DigitalArchive.org

The Jerusalem Decision and Middle East Peace

The day the United States declared Jerusalem the capital of Israel, I thought of two people who had suffered on opposing sides through decades of strife between Israelis and Palestinians.

As an ABC News Correspondent, I met them and reported their stories in 1977, when Anwar Sadat visited Jerusalem on his way to an Egyptian-Isralie peace treaty, and five years later, in 1982, when Palestinians were still looking to recover land lost in the June, 1967 Six-Day War.

History Meets Politics: Government and Academic Specialists Discuss Latest FRUS Volume on Iran 1953 Coup

In June 2017, Iran scholars fairly rejoiced when the State Department suddenly released its long-suppressed Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS) volume covering the years 1951-1954 in Iran. The defining event of that period, of course, was the coup d’etat against Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddeq, orchestrated by the US and British governments with Iranian participation.

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