A New Dawn for Kenya: A Report on the Kenyan Referendum

The overwhelming passage of the new Kenyan constitution on August 4, 2010, represents a new dawn for Kenya and the citizens who have painfully and tirelessly fought for constitutional reforms for close to three decades. The 66.9 % majority emphatically underlines the singular desire for change from a 47 year old political system defined by, inter alia, an imperial presidency, incoherent and weak “devolution” structures and gross land and regional inequalities.

Is EITI Another Western Agenda?

Experience has increasingly shown that the abundance of natural resources does not necessarily produce rapid development in countries where they are found. Instead, paradoxically, they all too often produce poverty, conflict and corruption whose consequences become increasingly widespread and impact development, not only in the country in question, but more broadly in an interconnected world. The rapidly globalizing world means that these consequences transcend boundaries and threaten stability of both the developed and developing world.

Africa: In Search of Good Governance

Fifty years after independence, Africa still conjures the image of bad governance in the minds of many. Events in and out of the continent seem to point clearly in this direction. The US President Barack Obama recently did not hide his disapproval for African “strong men” when he celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of Africa’s independence in Washington without inviting any past or present leader to join him.

Resolving the Three-Headed War from Hell: Seizing an Opportunity for Peace in Southern Sudan, Northern Uganda and Darfur

The concurrent crises in southern Sudan, Darfur, and northern Uganda have not occurred in a vacuum. Indeed, the current policy of trifurcation—of dealing with each separately—may ensure that war will continue in all three places.

From Moi to Kibaki: An Assessment of the Kenyan Transition

In my opinion Kenya is the most important country in East Africa. However, over much of the last decade and a half, Nairobi has not received a great deal of serious or sustained attention from senior American policymakers. Largely because of endemic corruption, serious human rights violations and a difficult transition to democratic rule in 1992, Kenya was treated very warily by American officials, a country to be quietly recognized and courted to achieve specific U.S.

Beyond Free and Fair: Monitoring Elections and Building Democracy

Read more about "Beyond Free and Fair Elections: Monitoring Elections and Building Democrac" here.

Opportunities and Constraints for the Disarmament and Repatriation of Foreign Armed Groups in the DRC

This study was undertaken as part of a review of the Disarmament, Demobilisation,Repatriation, Rehabilitation and Reintegration (DDRRR, henceforth D&R) operation taking place in the Great Lakes Region of Africa. Following the Joint Supervision Mission of the partners of the Multi-Country Demobilisation and Reintegration Programme (MDRP) in 2005, MDRP partners and the associated Trust Fund Committee decided that a review of the lessons learned would be helpful.

Fighting to Survive

A powerpoint presentation delivered on August 12th, 2005, describing the cases of seven former female child soldiers.


The Role of ECOWAS in Achieving the Economic Integration of West Africa

ECOWAS emerged on May 28 1975 at a time that the world, and Africa particularly, was going through a crisis in international economic relations, manifested in falling living standards in developing countries; over-dependence of Africa on the economies of the former colonial powers; limited space for manoeuvrability by the individual developing countries on the international scene; the paradox of sovereign equality of states and inequality in the ability to act.

Statement by H.E. Salva Kiir, First Vice President of Sudan

Statement of the First Vice President of the Republic of the Sudan and the President of the Government of Southern Sudan, Lt General Salva Kiir Mayardit

Delivered at the Woodrow Wilson Center, November 4, 2005

This is the first visit that I am making to the USA after I took over my responsibilities as the first vice president of the Republic of Sudan, the president of the Government of Southern Sudan (GOSS) and the Chairman of the Sudan people's Liberation Movement (SPLM).

This a timely visit for the following reasons among others: