Democracy | Wilson Center


Africa: In Search of Good Governance

Fifty years after independence, Africa still conjures the image of bad governance in the minds of many. Events in and out of the continent seem to point clearly in this direction. The US President Barack Obama recently did not hide his disapproval for African “strong men” when he celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of Africa’s independence in Washington without inviting any past or present leader to join him.

Resolving the Three-Headed War from Hell: Seizing an Opportunity for Peace in Southern Sudan, Northern Uganda and Darfur

The concurrent crises in southern Sudan, Darfur, and northern Uganda have not occurred in a vacuum. Indeed, the current policy of trifurcation—of dealing with each separately—may ensure that war will continue in all three places.

From Moi to Kibaki: An Assessment of the Kenyan Transition

In my opinion Kenya is the most important country in East Africa. However, over much of the last decade and a half, Nairobi has not received a great deal of serious or sustained attention from senior American policymakers. Largely because of endemic corruption, serious human rights violations and a difficult transition to democratic rule in 1992, Kenya was treated very warily by American officials, a country to be quietly recognized and courted to achieve specific U.S.

Beyond Free and Fair: Monitoring Elections and Building Democracy

Read more about "Beyond Free and Fair Elections: Monitoring Elections and Building Democrac" here.

Opportunities and Constraints for the Disarmament and Repatriation of Foreign Armed Groups in the DRC

This study was undertaken as part of a review of the Disarmament, Demobilisation,Repatriation, Rehabilitation and Reintegration (DDRRR, henceforth D&R) operation taking place in the Great Lakes Region of Africa. Following the Joint Supervision Mission of the partners of the Multi-Country Demobilisation and Reintegration Programme (MDRP) in 2005, MDRP partners and the associated Trust Fund Committee decided that a review of the lessons learned would be helpful.

Fighting to Survive

A powerpoint presentation delivered on August 12th, 2005, describing the cases of seven former female child soldiers.


The Role of ECOWAS in Achieving the Economic Integration of West Africa

ECOWAS emerged on May 28 1975 at a time that the world, and Africa particularly, was going through a crisis in international economic relations, manifested in falling living standards in developing countries; over-dependence of Africa on the economies of the former colonial powers; limited space for manoeuvrability by the individual developing countries on the international scene; the paradox of sovereign equality of states and inequality in the ability to act.

Statement by H.E. Salva Kiir, First Vice President of Sudan

Statement of the First Vice President of the Republic of the Sudan and the President of the Government of Southern Sudan, Lt General Salva Kiir Mayardit

Delivered at the Woodrow Wilson Center, November 4, 2005

This is the first visit that I am making to the USA after I took over my responsibilities as the first vice president of the Republic of Sudan, the president of the Government of Southern Sudan (GOSS) and the Chairman of the Sudan people's Liberation Movement (SPLM).

This a timely visit for the following reasons among others:

Changes in U.S. Policy on Africa in the New Administration: What will it mean for AFRICOM?

U.S. policy is dictated by global political and economic realities as well as domestic U.S. policy priorities. Not only is President Obama faced with the stark reality of an America perceived by many to have lost its moral compass in an increasingly multi-polar world where American power and resource capacities are dwindling and its leadership role being challenged, but the priorities of policy and resource allocation must remain for the short and near-terms on the domestic economic crisis, the two unpopular wars he has inherited and traditional national interest priorities.

Democracy and Peace-building: Re-thinking the Conventional Wisdom

This article, which is a systematic analysis of the practical experiences of theauthors in facilitating workshops to help resolve African conflicts, argues that we need to think again about how we both conceptualize and operationalize peace-building techniques. As the Iraq debacle may be said to show, to impose a peace settlement and democratic government institutions on a state and people after a war does not, by itself, work.