Democratic Transition | Wilson Center

Democratic Transition

Democracy and Peace-building: Re-thinking the Conventional Wisdom

This article, which is a systematic analysis of the practical experiences of theauthors in facilitating workshops to help resolve African conflicts, argues that we need to think again about how we both conceptualize and operationalize peace-building techniques. As the Iraq debacle may be said to show, to impose a peace settlement and democratic government institutions on a state and people after a war does not, by itself, work.

Liberia in Transition: A Discussion With the UN Panel on Liberia

On December 12th, the Woodrow Wilson Center's Africa Program joined the Open Society Institute in sponsoring an event to discuss the destabilizing impact of conflict during the 90s and the early years of this decade on Liberia. Members of the UN Panel of Experts on Liberia discussed the impact of Liberia's resources on West Africa's wars, how effective sanctions were in shutting down the conflicts and whether it is time to restore control of the country's natural wealth to the newly elected national government.

Uganda: An African "Success" Past its Prime?

The streaming video and conference report are available on the righthand side of your screen.

A roundtable discussion on Uganda's political evolution with Joel Barkan, Professor of Political Science at the University of Iowa and Johnnie Carson, Senior Vice-President of the National Defense University. The Program, "Uganda: An African ‘Success' Past its Prime?" addressed the mounting controversy, both inside and outside of Uganda, about the country's long-term political and economic prospects.

The Road to Peace in Liberia: Citizen Views on Transitional Justice

Tornorlah Varpilah, Transitional Justice Working Group
John Moreira, Greenberg Quinlan Rosner Research
Moderator: Howard Wolpe, Director of the Africa Program

Rwanda – Reflections on Genocide

At an April 21 Director's Forum, His Excellency Paul Kagame, President of Rwanda, reflected on the tragic genocide that took place in Rwanda ten years ago, discussing the root causes of the genocide, the international reaction to the crisis, and the measures that he and his country have been taking to rebuild Rwanda. The Director's Forum was part of Remembering Rwanda, a commemoration of the tenth anniversary of the genocide. The event was co-sponsored by the Africa Program, the Council on Foreign Relations, and the United States Institute of Peace.

An Opposition Perspective on Nigeria's Political Evolution

General Buhari's military career included command of three of the Nigerian army's divisions, as well as political appointments as governor from 1975-76 of the then-North-Eastern State; federal commissioner (minister) for petroleum and energy, 1976-78; chairman, Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), 1978-79. Head of State from 1984-85, General Buhari spent 40 months as a political detainee after his ouster.

Sudan: the Peace Process and Beyond

Sudan has been a country continuously embroiled in war since 1983, leading to the deaths and displacements of millions of Sudanese citizens. Fortunately, the Machakos Protocol, signed in July of 2002 between the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) and the government of Sudan, opened the door to peace for the people of Sudan. The Machakos agreement set out to grant the South a referendum on secession after a six-year interim period.

Kenya – From Moi To Kibaki

Ambassador Johnnie Carson, a senior career American Foreign Service Officer and the most prominent Africanist in the U.S. Department of State, who has just returned from four years in Kenya as the United States envoy to that East African country, told an assemblage of U.S.