Democratic Transition | Wilson Center

Democratic Transition

Sudan: The Road to Progress

The Peace Process

Islam and Democratic Transition in Nigeria: Paradoxes and Predicaments

Summary of a meeting with Professor Muhammad S. Umar, Assistant Professor of Religious Studies, Arizona State University, and 2001-2002 Preceptor for Institute for the Study of Islamic Thought in Africa, Program of African Studies, Northwestern University.

Political Stability, Conflict Resolution, and Development in Southern Africa

Director's Forum with Joaquim Alberto Chissano, President of the Republic of Mozambique.

President Chissano emphasized the fact that peace and stability are prerequisites for economic development in Southern Africa. Mozambique, in its role as leader of the Southern African Development Community (SACD) Organ on Politics, Defence, and Security is leading the charge of creating the structures, mechanisms, and procedures for conflict prevention, resolution, and management, in accordance with the SADC Protocol on Politics, Defense, and Security.

Captive in the Congo: A Consul's Return to the Heart of Darkness

Summary of a meeting with Michael P. Hoyt, Former Consul in the Congo.

U.S. Intelligence Estimates on Latin American Revolutionary Movements, 1947-1987

The Cold War International History Project and the Latin American Program of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars presents U.S. Intelligence Estimates on Latin American Revolutionary Movements, 1947-1987.

An Incoherent Policy: Rule of Law Reform in Central Europe and Beyond

Rule of law promotion has become a leading policy goal for external actors working in developing countries. The standard narrative is that developing countries should adopt a modern legal system and effective legal institutions in order to achieve stability, fight corruption and attract investment, much like the countries of postcommunist Europe had done in the 1990s. Stephen Humphreys's analysis of rule of law theory and practice identified a wide gulf between the theory and the manner in which "rule of law" is promoted abroad.

The Variable Impact of EU Conditionality: Differentiated Reforms in the Entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Since the Dayton Peace Accord was signed 16 years ago, the European Union (EU) has been actively involved in Bosnia and Herzegovina in various capacities and has created a number of local institutions to support its four current missions. At the same time, the complicated state institutional structure in Bosnia means that the EU must simultaneously interact with a number of local and state-level institutions. Mujo Hadzic discussed a central puzzle: Does EU conditionality work in such a complex environment?

Why There Is (Almost) No Post-Communist Christian Democracy

Compared to their West European cousins, post-communist Christian Democratic parties are notable for their lack of success. Even in the most religious of post-communist democracies, no Christian Democratic (CD) party has claimed a plurality of the electorate. Nonetheless, there is a considerable range in electoral support from 1990-2010, from a low of .7% in Estonia to as high as 18.4% in Slovakia. The most successful CD parties have arisen in Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Slovenia, and Lithuania.

Book Presentation: Bosnia Remade: Ethnic Cleansing and Its Reversal

The book Bosnia Remade: Ethnic Cleansing and Its Reversal (Oxford University Press, 2011) is an authoritative account of ethnic cleansing and its partial undoing from the onset of the 1990s Bosnian wars up through the present. Gerard Toal and Carl Dahlman combine a bird's-eye view of the entire war from onset to aftermath with a micro-level account of three towns that underwent ethnic cleansing and--later--the return of refugees.

Stability and Democracy in Albania: Clearing the Path towards European Integration