Demography

How Should America Respond to Economic Opportunities in Africa?

U.S. policy toward Africa has been on autopilot for much of the past four years, following a laundry list of good intentions that established priorities for Africa’s well-being and U.S. security interests. However, a truly sustainable and forward-looking U.S. policy toward Africa should refocus attention on Africa’s opportunity as an economic powerhouse of the future, a strategy that combines both domestic self-interest and an opportunity to help Africa move forward.

The Jewish Movement in the Soviet Union

Yaacov Ro’i and his collaborators provide the first scholarly survey of one of the most successful Soviet dissident movements, one which ultimately affected and reflected the demise of a superpower’s stature.

National Identities and Bilateral Relations: Widening Gaps in East Asia and Chinese Demonization of the United States

The second of Gilbert Rozman’s contributed volumes on East Asian national identity traces how efforts to draw a sharp divide between one country’s identity and that of another shape relations in the post–Cold War era. It examines the two-way relations of Japan, South Korea, and China, introducing the concept of a national identity gap to estimate the degree to which the identities of two countries target each other as negative contrasts. This concept is then applied to China’s reinterpretation from 2009 to 2011 of the gap between its identity and that of the United States.

Young Saudis and The Kingdom’s Political Future

            Many young Saudis admire political activists in Bahrain, Egypt, Tunisia and Yemen. For now, they are not interested in staging massive street protests to demand their rights. But the first members of Saudi Arabia's largest youth bulge will turn 18 in 2014. This generation won't remember life without the Internet and will likely demand a "more participatory and more transparent government," according to Caryle Murphy. The following paper, Viewpoints 19, was published by the Middle East Program at the Woodrow Wilson Center for International Scholars.

Latin American Program in the News: Screen Travelers in Advance, and Focus on Real Dangers

Before more money is spent on more border security Congress would do well to take inventory of what has already been done. Border Patrol personnel has quintupled in the last 20 years, and billions have been spent in building a fence and electronic monitoring systems that have not always performed so well.

Japan Can't Spend Its Way Out of a Recession

Northeast Asia associate Shihoko Goto writes in World Politics Review that Japan must cut welfare spending and boost female employment in addition to reviewing immigration policy for longer-term growth. http://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/articles/12665/japan-cant-spend-its-w...

How Society and Security Are Changing in an Aging World

“We are in the midst of a silent revolution,” said Ann Pawliczko, a senior technical advisor in the population and development branch at the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), quoting former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan. “It is a revolution that extends well beyond demographics, with major economic, social, cultural, psychological, and spiritual implications.”

Mali: It’s Salafi-Jihadist Insurgency, Stupid!

            On January 28, a new report by the Quilliam Foundation warned that the Mali conflict has now evolved into a global security threat. The latest chapter in the half-century old conflict began in July 2012 when Islamic extremists linked to al Qaeda seized control of northern Mali. Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb has been winning recruits since the mid-2000s, rebranding the Taureg nationalist movement as an Islamist one. The following are excerpts from the report co-authored by Noman Benotman, Gioia Forster and Roisin Blake.

Delivering Solutions to Improve Maternal Health and Increase Access to Family Planning

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), approximately 800 women die daily from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth. Almost all of these deaths occur in developing countries, with higher rates for women living in rural areas and among poorer communities.

Several factors greatly limit women’s access to the quality health services they need to protect them from maternal illness and death. The good news is that we already know how to reduce maternal mortality. Skilled care before, during, and after childbirth can save the lives of women and babies.

Pew I: Diversity in Islam

            Muslims across the world share the same main tenets of Islam but “differ significantly in their levels of religious commitment, openness to multiple interpretations of their faith and acceptance of various sects and movements,” according to a Pew Research Center report. Pew conducted interviews with 38,000 Muslims in 39 countries on their core beliefs and practice of Islam. The following are selected results from the August 2012 report “The World’s Muslims: Unity and Diversity.”

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