Demography

How Modi’s Evolution From Pariah to Pop Star Could Boost U.S.-India Ties

A few months ago, Narendra Modi was persona non grata in the United States–banned because of allegations that he failed to stop deadly anti-Muslim riots in the Indian state of Gujarat, where he was chief minister, in 2002.

Fast-forward to the past few days. Mr. Modi, now prime minister of India, has regaled large and adoring crowds in New York and hobnobbed with high-level officials, including President Barack Obama, in Washington.

Women’s Access to Power and Decision-Making in Africa: Addressing Obstacles and Offering Solutions

There is widespread agreement that equal access to power and decision-making for men and women is fundamental to representative and responsive governance. This has been highlighted in governance and development discourses against a background of women’s unequal and limited access to public office. Women’s substantive representation in political positions is crucial to closing the gender gap in decision-making structures.

Tackling Japan’s Demographic Time Bomb

The writing is clearly on the wall: Japan needs more tax-paying, young citizens to offset its ever-increasing number of pensioners if these retirees wish to maintain their current standards of living. The question, however, is whether there are public policies that can provide a solution to this impending crisis, and what may happen if the number of Japanese retirees continues to surge past the number of workers.

Eastern Europe’s Most Difficult Transition: Public Health and Demographic Policy, Two Decades after the Cold War

Dr. Murray Feshbach was one of the first scholars to point out the devastating political and socio-economic effects of state communism’s failure to seriously address decaying public health and environmental conditions. His pioneering work remains relevant. More than two decades after the close of the Cold War, many health and demographic indicators in the former Warsaw-Pact states (including Russia) remain surprisingly inferior to those of the neighboring states of Western and Southern Europe.  

Russia: The World's Second-Largest Immigration Haven

“Immigrants aren't rushing to Moscow in search of opportunity”—President Obama recently stated in an interview with The Economist, while making a larger point about Russia’s receding role in the world. While much of his commentary on the overall state of affairs in Russia was accurate, his comments on a lack of immigrants in Moscow revealed a blind spot in his view of global-migration movements—immigrants have been rushing to Moscow for the last twenty years, and not only to Moscow, but to cities all over Russia.

Underage: Addressing Reproductive Health and HIV in Married Adolescents

In July, thousands of people attended the 20th International AIDS Conference and the 2014 Girls Summit to work towards an AIDS-free generation and ending child and forced marriage. But such attention is rare; by and large, these girls are invisible to development efforts.

'Dangerous Passage: Central America In Crisis And the Exodus of Unaccompanied Minors': Cynthia J. Arnson Testifies Before the US Senate Committee on Foreign Relations

Cynthia J. Arnson, Director of the Latin American Program, joined a panel of experts in testifying before the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations to discuss crisis in Central America and what's driving the exodus of unaccompanied minors.

Time: 10:00 AM
Location: Senate Dirksen 419
Presiding: Senator Menendez

World Population Day 2014: Youth Engagement and the Sustainable Development Agenda

“The greatest challenge we have today is that we have a world that is pushing back on rights,” said Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin, executive director of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), at the Wilson Center.

Latin American Program in the News: "Wave of Central American migrants strains Border Patrol, reducing number of drug busts"

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As the humanitarian crisis intensifies, U.S. officials are raising the pressure on their Mexican and Central American counterparts to halt the flow of migrants, many of whom are driven by violence, poverty and the perception that they will be allowed to stay if they reach U.S. soil. Secretary of State John F. Kerry raised the issue during a recent visit to Mexico. And Vice President Biden was headed to Guatemala on Friday to discuss a tightening of that country's border with Mexico.

Dawn of the Smart City? Perspectives From New York, Ahmedabad, São Paulo, and Beijing

Rapid growth and environmental change are creating new challenges for urban areas around the world. From climate change adaptation and crime prevention to the integration of new residents, much is being asked of municipal governments. At the same time, new technologies – from data collection and real time monitoring to sophisticated “control centers” – are being developed that could help inform urban decision making and improve city management. Four essays present perspectives on the ideas behind smart cities from New York, Ahmedabad, São Paulo, and Beijing.

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