Energy | Wilson Center


Urban Waste Revolution: Turning China’s Sludge and Garbage Mountains into Low-Carbon Solutions

China has a sludge problem. A big one. Wastewater plants in Chinese cities produce a staggering 40 million tons of this semi-solid slurry each year, enough to fill all of Manhattan with a 19-inch deep sludge lake. However, only one-fifth of China’s sludge is properly treated, while the rest is sent to landfills, incinerators, or illegally dumped. Similarly unsustainable methods are used to dispose of the mountains of solid waste generated by China’s urbanites.

What Has Mexico Gained with its New Energy Model?

Q&A with Doris Capurro, President and CEO of LUFT Energía

Founded in 2016, LUFT Energía is a leader in renewable energy investment in Argentina, and its investments are helping the country meet hard-to-reach targets for alternative energy production. Today, fossil fuels account for 86 percent of electricity produced in Argentina, and less than 2 percent comes from renewable energy sources. By law, that has to change, and quickly. In 2016, Argentine lawmakers committed the country to an 8 percent target by year-end, and 20 percent by 2025.

New Innovations for Green Financing in Urban China

To reduce the energy and carbon footprint of Chinese cities and meet the country's Paris Climate Agreement targets, it is estimated that by 2020, China needs to invest $254 billion to support the construction of green buildings and retrofit existing ones. There is potential for a billion-dollar market of cost-effective, green, and energy efficient building opportunities in China; however, few structures exist in China’s market for banks and institutional investors to deploy capital for energy efficiency.

Event Summary: Biofuels and the Green Energy Push: Brazil-U.S. Cooperation in Implementing Carbon Emissions Reduction Policies

Late last year, the Brazilian government introduced a new biofuels policy program to meet its commitment under the Paris Climate Agreement’s section on “Nationally Determined Contributions” to reduce carbon emissions. RenovaBio, as the program is known, was approved in record time by the Brazilian Congress and signed into law by President Michael Temer in December 2017. Based in part on the State of California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) and the U.S.