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History

Secrecy vs. the Need for Ecological Information: Challenges to Environmental Activism in Russia

Nowhere is the connection between environmental protection and national security clearer than in the case of weaponry as a polluter. Even within this category of environmental threats, there is a hierarchy. At the top, both in terms of environmental priorities and international security, are weapons of mass destruction. They represent not only classic environmental problems— health hazards  and threats to species— but also create an obstacle to economic well-being. Plus, they tend to affect neighboring nations to the same degree as the country on whose soil they are produced or stored.

Building a New Iraq: Women's Role in Reconstruction

Iraq’s progress toward democracy has been marred by violence, delays in reconstruction, and only intermittent nurturing of civil society. Despite these formidable obstacles, many Iraqis labor tirelessly for peace and stability. Among those strongly committed to a more stable Iraq are the country’s women, who face an ongoing, uphill battle for political representation. In the face of challenges, women leaders remain committed to ensuring their voices are heard in the new Iraq.

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