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Human Rights

Confronting Ethnic Conflict in Africa: Towards a Theoretical Framework of the Conditions for Successful Third Party Intervention

On July 7th, Jennifer De Maio a PhD candidate at UCLA and an Africanist Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson Center presented on a chapter from her dissertation, Confronting Ethnic Conflict Towards an Analytical Framework of the Conditions for Successful Third Party Intervention. Ms. De Maio's dissertation aims to critically assess the role of third party intervention in managing selected ethnic conflicts in Africa and to develop a response oriented framework for such intervention.

The International Response to the Rwandan Genocide – a Failure of Humanity

"Are all humans human or are some humans more human than others?" General Dallaire began his speech by posing this provocative, haunting question. He followed on with the point and question: In the context of the fact that 80 percent of humanity is living in absolute poverty with no hope and no dignity, can we say that humanity is advancing? Dallaire answers this second question with an unqualified No.

The Crisis in Darfur

The crisis in Darfur is one of the most forgotten and neglected humanitarian crises in the world. Over the past several weeks, some 750,000 people have been forced from their homes and villages; tens of thousands have fled into neighboring Chad; and thousands of others have perished in the fighting. At least one UN official has characterized what is happening in Darfur as "ethnic cleansing." Mr.

Kenya after Moi

In a roundtable cosponsored by the Robert F. Kennedy Center for Human Rights, renowned Kenyan human rights advocate, Dr. Gibson Kamau Kuria, spoke about the evolution of Kenyan democracy and the country’s human rights environment. Gibson focused on the problems of the newly installed Kibaki government in changing the face of Kenyan politics after the end of the Moi regime.

Beyond the Magic Bullet: African Women and Their Long and Complex Quest for Gender Justice

Summary of a meeting with Zenebeworke Tadesse, Director of Publications, Forum for Social Sciences, Ethiopia, and Founding Member of the Association of African Women for Research and Development

Captive in the Congo: A Consul's Return to the Heart of Darkness

Summary of a meeting with Michael P. Hoyt, Former Consul in the Congo.

China Exim Bank in Africa

China Export-Import Bank

China's trade, investment and aid activities in Africa have been growing rapidly over the past decade. Chinese aid to Africa totaled $5.75 billion in 2006, and China the world's third largest food aid contributor. Trade between China and Africa has grown tenfold since 1999, reaching $56 billion in 2006. China's export credit and guarantee agencies—China Exim Bank in particular—have played an important role in fostering the rapid expansion of Chinese trade and investment in Africa.

Environmental Film Festival Screening: The Blood of Yingzhou District

For the eighth year in a row, the China Environment Forum hosted a screening of a film in the Environmental Film Festival in the Nation's Capital. This year's film—The Blood of Yingzhou District—won best documentary short subject at the 2007 Academy Awards® for its portrayal of HIV/AIDS orphans in China.

Global Urban Poverty Research Agenda: The African Case

Akin L. Mabogunje, Chairman of the Presidential Technical Board of the Federal Mortgage Bank of Nigeria, presented a paper entitled "Global Urban Poverty Research Agenda: The African Case" at a February 1 seminar organized by the Comparative Urban Studies Project (CUSP). A preliminary copy of the paper is available at the CUSP website.

A Blow to Democracy: Election Fraud, Corruption and Political Violence in Albania

Erion Veliaj, a former civil society activist and coordinator of the Albanian opposition parties, discussed the demonstration held on January 21, 2011. The demonstration ended in violence, with four shot and killed by the Republican Guard. Prime Minister Sali Berisha characterized the event as an attempted coup d'état in an attempt to justify the violent response, and said that the demonstrators had been carrying weapons disguised as umbrellas.

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