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International Security

Environmental Stress and Human Security in Northern Pakistan

Environmental and social factors are generating high levels of conflict and insecurity in Northern Pakistan. Several factors make this case an important subject for analysis and discussion: (a) the strategic location of the region; (b) the potential for far-reaching and even global consequences should conflict spill across the borders and into countries such as Afghanistan and India; and (c) the similarities between this case and many others in the world. The article concludes with policy suggestions for both domestic and foreign parties concerned about the situation.

Brazil's SIVAM: As It Monitors the Amazon, Will It Fulfill its Human Security Promise?

As Brazil implements its System for Vigilance of the Amazon (SIVAM), the country's leadership continues to tout the system as a major effort towards achieving its national security objectives--especially (a) preserving the country's sovereignty over its territories in that tropical forest region; (b) assisting in Amazon law enforcement, particularly in deterring illegal flights associated with contraband and narco-trafficking; and (c) providing environmental information aimed at promoting sustainable development and the preservation of natural habitats in the Amazon.

The U.S. National Intelligence Council's Global Trends 2015: Excerpts, Commentaries, and Response

In January 2001, the U.S. National Intelligence Council (NIC), a center within the Central Intelligence Agency that provides the agency’s director with mid- and long-term strategic thinking and direction, published Global Trends 2015: A Dialogue About the Future with Nongovernmental Experts. This unclassified and public report, which expanded on the NIC’s previous effort Global Trends 2010, takes a look at the world over the next 15 years from the perspective of the national security policymaker.

ECSP Report 7: Special Reports

The Linkages Between Population and Water: Forthcoming Articles from ECSP

In collaboration with the University of Michigan Population Fellows Program, ECSP commissioned in fall 2000 a series of articles to examine global and regional linkages between population and water. The interplay among these issues is at the heart of this project.Each of the three articles (summarized below) has been jointly written by a pair of authors, representing both a Northern and Southern perspective. Each article also draws on regional case-study material.

ECSP Report 7: Reviews of New Publications

Experts review new publications:

ECSP Report 7: Event Summaries

Event summaries from meetings sponsored by the Environmental Change and Security Program between August 2000 and June 2001.

ECSP Report 7: Updates

This update section highlights the environment, population, and security activities of academic programs, foundations, nongovernmental organizations, government offices, and intergovernmental organizations.

ECSP Report 7: Bibliography

The guide lists by theme literature that has come to the attention of ECSP in the past year on population, environmental change, and security issues.

ECSP Report 6

The 2000 issue of the Environmental Change and Security Project Report features Richard E. Benedick on human population and environmental stress in the 21st century, and Okechukwu Ibeanu on environmental management in Nigeria's Niger Delta. Additional commentaries address environment, population, and conflict; and trade and the environment. Complete report.

ECSP Report 6: Table of Contents

The 2000 issue of the ECSP Report features commentaries on commentaries address environment, population, and conflict; and trade and the environment. Table of Contents.