International Security | Wilson Center

International Security

ECSP Report 6: Update and Bibliography

The update section is designed to highlight the environment, population, and security activities of academic programs, foundations, nongovernmental organizations, government offices, and intergovernmental organizations. Please refer to the websites listed within these descriptions for updates on current activities and contact information. The bibliography includes a wide range of publications, organized by theme, which relate to environment, population, and security.

To Cultivate Peace: Agriculture in a World of Conflict

In this article we examine the post–Cold War pattern of conflict with a focus on the role of agriculture. In developing countries, the primary sector of the economy is dominant. Closely linked to basic human needs, it is directly affected by environmental degradation and by violence. The agricultural sector is subject to strong governmental intervention in most countries, and can easily suffer from capricious politics.

Environmental Change, Security, and Social Conflicts in the Brazilian Amazon

The links among environmental change, notions of security, and social conflicts in the Brazilian Amazon are multiple and complex. Successive Brazilian governments and the Brazilian military have found a distinct relationship between environmental matters and security issues through a focus on state sovereignty. This relationship is often articulated in terms of defending national sovereignty instead of preserving Brazilian ecosystems.

ECSP Report 5: Special Reports (Part 1)

Environment and Security in an International Context: Executive Summary Report, by the NATO/Committee on The Challenges of Modern Society Pilot Study

ECSP Report 5: Official Statements

Excerpts from recent official statements in which environment and population issues are prominently cited in the context of security and national interests.

ECSP Report 5: Reviews of New Publications

Experts review new publications:

ECSP Report 5: Update Section

This update section is designed to highlight the environment, population, and security activities of foundations, nongovernmental organizations, academic programs, and government offices. It also includes a list of Internet sites and forums which may facilitate research and policy efforts, and a bibliographic guide to the literature.

ECSP Report 4

ECSP Report 4 includes pieces on the role of environmental degradation in population displacement; U.S. population policy since the Cairo conference; and a synthesis of the connection between environmental transformation and conflict. The issue also explores forest plunder in Southeast Asia, and the U.S.-China relationship over environment. Complete report.

Secrecy vs. the Need for Ecological Information: Challenges to Environmental Activism in Russia

Nowhere is the connection between environmental protection and national security clearer than in the case of weaponry as a polluter. Even within this category of environmental threats, there is a hierarchy. At the top, both in terms of environmental priorities and international security, are weapons of mass destruction. They represent not only classic environmental problems— health hazards  and threats to species— but also create an obstacle to economic well-being. Plus, they tend to affect neighboring nations to the same degree as the country on whose soil they are produced or stored.

Forest Plunder in Southeast Asia: An Environmental Security Nexus in Burma and Cambodia

Geographic enormity, political and economic complexity, and biological diversity help define the Asia and Pacific theater. Population pressures, ecological degradation and depletion, and the accelerated demand for water, timber, minerals, agricultural land, fisheries, and other natural resources are sending shock waves across remote stretches of the Pacific and upland frontiers of Asia.