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International Security

ECSP Report 4: Special Reports

Environmental Degradation and Migration The U.S.-Mexico Case Study, by The Natural Heritage Institute

ECSP Report 4: Official Statements and New Publications

Excerpts from recent official statements in which environmental issues are cited in the context of security institutions and national interests, and reviews by experts of new publications.

Reviews include:

ECSP Report 4: Event Summaries

Event summaries from meetings sponsored by the Environmental Change and Security Program between May and December 1997:

ECSP Report 4: Update and Resources

This update section highlights the environment, population, and security activities of foundations, nongovernmental organizations,  academic programs, and government offices, and includes a list of Internet sites and forums which may facilitate research and policy efforts.

ECSP Report 4: Bibliography

The following bibliography is a compilation of all entries from the three previous ECSP Reports and new additions from the last year. The Guide includes a wide range of publications, organized by theme, which relate to the various conceptions of environmental security.

ECSP Report 3

The 1997 issue of the ECSP's annual report frames environment in terms of the U.S. security debate, explores ecological security and demographic change; and includes a commentary on human population prospects. Complete report.

Unpackaging the Environment

The time has come to unpackage the environment. In the three and a half decades since environmental problems first began to command public attention, they have moved from the periphery to stage center. No longer discussed only at gatherings of the converted, environmental issues are part of centrist political campaigns, the subject of major international conferences, a factor in trade negotiations and an element in the strategic plans of multinational corporations. While this attention has led to some notable successes, actions have fallen well short of needs.

Environment in the U.S. Security Debate: The Case of the Missing Arctic Waters

As also occurs with global warming or Russia’s transition to “democracy,” the U.S. move towards an increasingly extended security praxis is accompanied by uncertainty as well as complexity. Indeed, the whole project has a futuristic air, insofar as it is a purposive venture.

Demographic Change and Ecological Security

Environmental concerns are now becoming an integral part of U.S. foreign policy, but within academic and policy circles there is an ongoing debate over the role that environmental stress plays in creating security threats. An argument is made here for moving beyond environmentalism and using an ecological security perspective to inform foreign policy planning and future defense allocations. Ecological security rests on maintaining four kinds of equilibrium between human beings and the physical environment.

ECSP Report 3: Special Reports

This section highlights the work of various organizations on issues of environmental change and security. This issue includes reports from Ecologic - Centre for International and European Environmental Research, the Master of Science in Foreign Service Program at Georgetown University, and the Natural Heritage Institute.

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