Nuclear History

Nuclear History Boot Camp

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Nixon's Nuclear Specter - The Secret Alert of 1969, Madman Diplomacy, and the Vietnam War

In their initial effort to end the Vietnam War, Richard Nixon and Henry Kissinger attempted to lever concessions from Hanoi at the negotiating table with military force and coercive diplomacy. They backed up their diplomacy toward North Vietnam and the Soviet Union with the Madman Theory of threatening excessive force, which included the specter of nuclear force.

Nuclear History Wiki-Fellowship

Call for Applications: NPIHP Wikipedia Fellow

The Inter-Church Peace Council and the Nuclear Arms Race

The Origins of the IKV's Campaign Against Nuclear Arms, 1975-77

In June 1977, protests from lawmakers, national security experts, and activists arose almost instantly in response to US plans to produce enhanced radiation weapons (neutron bombs). It was a seemingly sudden beginning to what was, in hindsight, a decade of widespread Western resistance to the nuclear arms race and NATO’s modernization plans. In truth, the eruption of resistance was less sudden than it appeared at the time.

Fellowship and Internship Opportunities with NPIHP

Fellowship Opportunities

NPIHP regularly awards research fellowships to junior and mid-career scholars interested in conducting research in non-US archives. Most appointments last between three and six months, and include reimbursement of travel to/from the research site, a modest living stipend, and reimbursement of any duplication costs. Calls for applications will be posted on this page and advertised through the NPIHP mailing list.

Become a Contributor

NPIHP accepts drafts and publication proposals year-round. If you are interested in submitting a short or long form publication for consideration, send your draft to to Successful proposals draw primarily on non-US archival materials.  The project's three publication series are:

Supporting Your Research

NPIHP offers resources and support to scholars of all levels who are conuducting archival research on the history of nuclear weapons. In addition to NPIHP's formal fellowships, the project accepts ad-hoc proposals and funding requests to support archival research. If you have a project in need of support, email with a short proposal (500 words max). Generally, NPHIP supports the following kinds of activities:

The End of WW II From Japan's Perspective and its Implications for Today

As we observe the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II, Shihoko Goto describes the end of war from Japan's perspective. “Japan can be a stronger regional leader by articulating its history as a whole, both as a victim and as an aggressor,” Goto says. 

Prelude to the Euromissile Crisis

Prelude to the Euromissile Crisis

The Neutron Bomb Affair, the Netherlands, and the "Defeat of the Strangeloves," 1977-1978