Nuclear History

The Key to Nuclear Restraint

Sweden's Plans to Acquire Nuclear Weapons During the Cold War

Why have some nations acquired nuclear weapons while others have refrained? In this seminar, Dr. Thomas Jonter will analyze Sweden’s Cold War plans to acquire nuclear weapons and explore why some states choose restraint.

The Cold War, the developing world, and the creation of the IAEA

NPIHP Fellow Elisabeth Roehrlich writes in Cold War History about the creation of the International Atomic Energy Agency. Roehrlich examines the early negotiations behind the founding of the IAEA  and the broad coalition of countries that participated in drafting the IAEA Statute.

The Researchers’ Guide to the IAEA Archives

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was incrementally established as a response to the simultaneous fears and expectations arising from the discovery of nuclear energy. The Agency’s role fluctuated continuously between these two outlooks, changing in accordance with (inter)national moods, politics, and uninterrupted technological change.[1] The historical development of the IAEA necessarily reflects these changing attitudes towards nuclear energy.

Nuclear History Boot Camp

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Nixon's Nuclear Specter - The Secret Alert of 1969, Madman Diplomacy, and the Vietnam War

In their initial effort to end the Vietnam War, Richard Nixon and Henry Kissinger attempted to lever concessions from Hanoi at the negotiating table with military force and coercive diplomacy. They backed up their diplomacy toward North Vietnam and the Soviet Union with the Madman Theory of threatening excessive force, which included the specter of nuclear force.

Nuclear History Wiki-Fellowship

Call for Applications: NPIHP Wikipedia Fellow

The Inter-Church Peace Council and the Nuclear Arms Race

The Origins of the IKV's Campaign Against Nuclear Arms, 1975-77

In June 1977, protests from lawmakers, national security experts, and activists arose almost instantly in response to US plans to produce enhanced radiation weapons (neutron bombs). It was a seemingly sudden beginning to what was, in hindsight, a decade of widespread Western resistance to the nuclear arms race and NATO’s modernization plans. In truth, the eruption of resistance was less sudden than it appeared at the time.

Fellowship and Internship Opportunities with NPIHP

Fellowship Opportunities

NPIHP regularly awards research fellowships to junior and mid-career scholars interested in conducting research in non-US archives. Most appointments last between three and six months, and include reimbursement of travel to/from the research site, a modest living stipend, and reimbursement of any duplication costs. Calls for applications will be posted on this page and advertised through the NPIHP mailing list.

Become a Contributor

NPIHP accepts drafts and publication proposals year-round. If you are interested in submitting a short or long form publication for consideration, send your draft to to Successful proposals draw primarily on non-US archival materials.  The project's three publication series are: