Nuclear Proliferation/Non-proliferation

Iran's Nuclear Ambitions in Perspective

Dr. Shahram Chubin opened with the observation that the broad range of opinions voiced in the United States about how to address Iran's nuclear program—with options ranging from bombing facilities to promoting regime change through support of the "green" movement, and from imposing harsher economic sanctions to offering additional incentives—reflect deep uncertainties about Iran.

Europe and Iran's Nuclear Ambitions: Challenges and Prospects

The drive to prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons is among the most important issues facing the international community today, and Europe's role is central to the ongoing diplomacy surrounding this effort.

Secrecy vs. the Need for Ecological Information: Challenges to Environmental Activism in Russia

Nowhere is the connection between environmental protection and national security clearer than in the case of weaponry as a polluter. Even within this category of environmental threats, there is a hierarchy. At the top, both in terms of environmental priorities and international security, are weapons of mass destruction. They represent not only classic environmental problems— health hazards  and threats to species— but also create an obstacle to economic well-being. Plus, they tend to affect neighboring nations to the same degree as the country on whose soil they are produced or stored.

"A mass psychotic movement washing over the country like a wave": NATO's Dual-Track Decision

CWIHP e-Dossier No. 21
 

Author: Ruud van Dijk, University of Amsterdam

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Continental Defense in the Eisenhower Era: Nuclear Antiaircraft Arms and the Cold War

Fueled by Cold War anxiety about the threat of a surprise nuclear attack by Soviet jet-bombers, the U.S. nuclear arsenal ballooned from 841 warheads when President Eisenhower assumed office in 1953 to over 18,000 by the time he left office in 1961. Roughly 20% of these warheads were based around cities and military installations throughout the U.S.

The History of the Gas Centrifuge and Its Role in Nuclear Proliferation

The discovery of A.Q. Khan's extensive nuclear proliferation network based upon gas centrifuge technology used to enrich uranium to weapons-grade has created a crisis of confidence in the non-proliferation regime. While the beginnings of gas-centrifuge experimentation date back to the 1930s, it was only in the 1970s that the technology advanced enough to become commercially viable. Widely considered an unlikely path to nuclear weapons proliferation until the 1990s, gas-centrifuge technology is now seen by some as a central threat to the non-proliferation regime.

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