Nuclear Proliferation/Non-proliferation

The International Atomic Energy Agency Statute at Sixty

The IAEA Statute at Sixty

What does the World Expect of President-elect Trump: Nuclear Proliferation

Key Takeaways:

  • The risk of a single nuclear weapon being detonated by a determined terrorist group has markedly increased.
  • The Nuclear Security Summits have made a significant contribution to nuclear security and should be continued.
  • The greatest, most urgent nuclear threat to the U.S. is from North Korea which is on the verge of a strategic breakout.
     

Q: What is the greatest challenge facing the United States in the area of nuclear proliferation?

The Threat of Nuclear Terrorism

One of the worst fears in the post 9-11 world is that the threat of nuclear terrorism will become reality. Nonproliferation expert, Robert Litwak has for decades been immersed in the work of securing nuclear weapons and materials from spreading and falling into the hands of actors that would not hesitate to put them to destructive use. His books on “Rogue” and “Outlier” states have provided valuable ways to think about and address the threats posed by potential abuses of nuclear technologies.

Election 2016: The Iran Nuclear Deal

The Iran nuclear deal continues to be a focus of partisan disagreement during election 2016. We asked nonproliferation expert, Robert Litwak to provide an update on the deal in the shadow of the race for the White House. That’s the focus of this edition of  Wilson Center NOW.

 

Guest

Going Beyond Sanctions to Denuclearize North Korea

Summary 

While denuclearization should remain the goal of U.S. policy, freezing North Korea’s nuclear and ballistic missile programs should be a priority. However, sanctions alone will not be enough to get North Korea to freeze these activities.

Policy Recommendations:

Recognizing the limits of sanctions on North Korea:

Deterring Nuclear Terrorism

Al Qaeda and other terrorist groups are determined, as President Obama stated, "to buy, build or steal" a nuclear weapon and "would have no problem with using it." Preventing a nuclear 9/11 hinges on foiling terrorist efforts to acquire the capability that would allow them to act on their intention.

Committed: U.S. Foreign Policy in Asia and Completing the Rebalance

The United States is a Pacific power. It may be so reluctantly, but its continued military, political, and economic engagement has been key to Asia’s stability and prosperity. Ensuring that the Asia-Pacific remains robust politically and economically will be in the United States’ own interest, and will be a key foreign policy challenge for any administration.

On NK, freeze can be layover to denuclearization

North Korea tested a fifth nuclear device in violation of the United Nations Security Council resolutions. Held on the sixty-eighth anniversary of the regime's founding, the test comes fresh on the heels of a series of ballistic missile tests on Monday as world powers gathered for a G20 meeting in China. North Korea advances its threat capabilities with each nuclear and ballistic missile test. It is time for an immediate re-assessment of ongoing efforts to eliminate the threat North Korea's weapons programs pose to the region.
 

One Year After Nuclear Deal, Iran’s Rights Violations and Regional Aggression Continue

A year after ​world powers signed an agreement on Iran’s nuclear program, the regime in Tehran continues to engage in developing ballistic missile technology, human rights violations, aggressive behavior in the region, and anti-American and anti-semitic rhetoric.

A Year On, Iran’s Nuclear Deal is Helping its Economy, but not as Much as Some Hoped

Iran’s economy has slowly but measurably rebounded in the year since Tehran signed a historic nuclear deal with the world’s six major powers. The two most tangible changes have been the increase in oil exports–which have nearly doubled since sanctions were lifted on Jan. 16–and the dozens of foreign trade and investment deals Iran has negotiated.

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