Nuclear Weapons | Wilson Center

Nuclear Weapons

Secrecy vs. the Need for Ecological Information: Challenges to Environmental Activism in Russia

Nowhere is the connection between environmental protection and national security clearer than in the case of weaponry as a polluter. Even within this category of environmental threats, there is a hierarchy. At the top, both in terms of environmental priorities and international security, are weapons of mass destruction. They represent not only classic environmental problems— health hazards  and threats to species— but also create an obstacle to economic well-being. Plus, they tend to affect neighboring nations to the same degree as the country on whose soil they are produced or stored.

India's Contemporary Security Challenges

Lurking beneath India's many success stories are a range of internal and external security challenges. This new , edited by program associate Michael Kugelman, examines the Maoist insurgency, India's strategic environment, naval modernization, relations with China and Pakistan, and the U.S.-India relationship.

Continental Defense in the Eisenhower Era: Nuclear Antiaircraft Arms and the Cold War

Fueled by Cold War anxiety about the threat of a surprise nuclear attack by Soviet jet-bombers, the U.S. nuclear arsenal ballooned from 841 warheads when President Eisenhower assumed office in 1953 to over 18,000 by the time he left office in 1961. Roughly 20% of these warheads were based around cities and military installations throughout the U.S.

Confronting the Bomb: A Short History of the World Nuclear Disarmament Movement

Public opinion, driven by the international arms control and disarmament movement, was the critical factor which led governments' decisions to reduce, limit, forswear, and abandon nuclear weapons during the past sixty years, according to Lawrence S.

The Nuclear Challenge: Italian Foreign Policy and Atomic Weapons, 1945-1991

For much of the Cold War, the Italian government viewed the nuclear issue as a way of opening the door into the inner circle of European security decision-makers. Leopoldo Nuti, Director of the Machiavelli Center for Cold War Studies, explained that Italian prestige, much more than security concerns, drove the government to allow the deployment of NATO nuclear weapons on Italian soil throughout the Cold War.

The Manhattan Project and its Cold War Legacy

On Wednesday, February 20, 2008, the Cold War International History Project and the Atomic Heritage Foundation co-sponsored a discussion of the Manhattan Project and its legacy. The speakers included Cynthia C. Kelly, founder and president of the Atomic Heritage Foundation; William Lanouette, author of Genius in the Shadows: A Biography of Leo Szilard, the Man Behind the Bomb (1992 and 1994); Robert Furman, a veteran of the Manhattan Project's atomic intelligence unit; and James G.

NPIHP Hosts First Annual Nuclear Boot Camp in Allumiere, Italy

The Nuclear Proliferation International History Project’s (NPIHP’s) first annual Nuclear Boot Camp took place from 22-31 May 2011. Organized by NPIHP Co-Directors Leopoldo Nuti and Christian Ostermann, the 9 day full-immersion course acquainted 14 students from around the world with many of the most important topics and themes in the history of nuclear arms.

NPIHP Partner IDSA Launches New Website

NPIHP is pleased to announce the launch of the New Delhi-based Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses' (IDSA's) dedicated NPIHP website.

New NPIHP Research Update

The Nuclear Proliferation International History Project is pleased to announce the publication of the latest NPIHP Research Update by William Burr, senior analyst at the National Security Archive. The paper, U.S. Secret Assistance to the French Nuclear Program, 1969-1975: From "Fourth Country" to Strategic Partner features sixty-four new documents on U.S.

NPIHP Nuclear Boot Camp Twice Featured in Italian Daily Il Messaggero

NPIHP's summer 2011 Nuclear Boot Camp has been featured twice in the past week in the leading Italian daily Il Messaggero Convened north of Rome in the village of Allumiere, Italy, the Nuclear Boot Camp is one part of NPIHP's multi-year global effort to build a new generation of experts on the history of nuclear weapons.