Science and Technology

Planning Twenty Years Out

Summary of a seminar and discussion with John Hiles, Research Professor, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA. The seminar was co-sponsored by RAND.

"If we can gain insight into the surprising events that can connect to our actions, then it is quite possible that history will see us as men and women who are shrewd, and sometimes wise, but at least not the architects of our own calamities."

The Road to Copenhagen: Energy Solutions for Emerging Economies

Technology and innovation will be critical for China, India, and other emerging economies to reduce energy consumption and carbon emissions – and U.S. technology policy can help lead the way. New technologies such as solid state lighting systems, efficient nanocarbon materials and biomass energy offer hopeful prospects that can lead to equitable and sustainable development.

Human Population Growth and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

While the relationships between population growth, economic growth, poverty, land use, and the diffusion of technology are complex, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) recognizes the role that future population growth can play in the growth of global greenhouse gas emissions.

The Greening of the U.S. Military: Environmental Policy, National Security, and Organizational Change

The Greening of the U.S. Military: Environmental Policy, National Security, and Organizational Change is a carefully constructed and well-organized account of the regulation of environmental issues within the Department of Defense (DoD) and the armed services. Author Robert F. Durant recounts and analyzes the organizational changes that took place as the defense establishment moved to comply with significant parts of the environmental regulatory framework that governs civil enterprises.

Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage Options in Developing Countries: A Review of Current Implementation Practices

This article summarizes five of the most common household water treatment and safe storage options—chlorination, filtration (biosand and ceramic), solar disinfection, combined filtration/chlorination, and combined flocculation/chlorination—and describes implementation strategies for each option. The authors identify the successes, challenges, and obstacles encountered in implementing projects.

Closing the Gaps: Improving the Provision of Water and Sanitation

Water Stories: Expanding Opportunities in Small-Scale Water and Sanitation Projects outlines a range of approaches that are helping close gaps in water and sanitation coverage. Rather than focus on traditional large-scale projects, Wilson Center working group members investigated small-scale and underresearched approaches and stakeholders, including communities, NGOs, and the media. Water Stories suggests that these approaches and stakeholders are more than marginally important in expanding coverage—they are critical.

ECSP Report 11: Reviews of New Publications

Experts review new publications:

The U.S. National Intelligence Council's Global Trends 2015: Excerpts, Commentaries, and Response

In January 2001, the U.S. National Intelligence Council (NIC), a center within the Central Intelligence Agency that provides the agency’s director with mid- and long-term strategic thinking and direction, published Global Trends 2015: A Dialogue About the Future with Nongovernmental Experts. This unclassified and public report, which expanded on the NIC’s previous effort Global Trends 2010, takes a look at the world over the next 15 years from the perspective of the national security policymaker.

ECSP Report 7: Reviews of New Publications

Experts review new publications:

ECSP Report 6: Reviews of New Publications

Experts review new publications: