Science and Technology

The Greening of the U.S. Military: Environmental Policy, National Security, and Organizational Change

The Greening of the U.S. Military: Environmental Policy, National Security, and Organizational Change is a carefully constructed and well-organized account of the regulation of environmental issues within the Department of Defense (DoD) and the armed services. Author Robert F. Durant recounts and analyzes the organizational changes that took place as the defense establishment moved to comply with significant parts of the environmental regulatory framework that governs civil enterprises.

Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage Options in Developing Countries: A Review of Current Implementation Practices

This article summarizes five of the most common household water treatment and safe storage options—chlorination, filtration (biosand and ceramic), solar disinfection, combined filtration/chlorination, and combined flocculation/chlorination—and describes implementation strategies for each option. The authors identify the successes, challenges, and obstacles encountered in implementing projects.

Closing the Gaps: Improving the Provision of Water and Sanitation

Water Stories: Expanding Opportunities in Small-Scale Water and Sanitation Projects outlines a range of approaches that are helping close gaps in water and sanitation coverage. Rather than focus on traditional large-scale projects, Wilson Center working group members investigated small-scale and underresearched approaches and stakeholders, including communities, NGOs, and the media. Water Stories suggests that these approaches and stakeholders are more than marginally important in expanding coverage—they are critical.

ECSP Report 11: Reviews of New Publications

Experts review new publications:

The U.S. National Intelligence Council's Global Trends 2015: Excerpts, Commentaries, and Response

In January 2001, the U.S. National Intelligence Council (NIC), a center within the Central Intelligence Agency that provides the agency’s director with mid- and long-term strategic thinking and direction, published Global Trends 2015: A Dialogue About the Future with Nongovernmental Experts. This unclassified and public report, which expanded on the NIC’s previous effort Global Trends 2010, takes a look at the world over the next 15 years from the perspective of the national security policymaker.

ECSP Report 7: Reviews of New Publications

Experts review new publications:

ECSP Report 6: Reviews of New Publications

Experts review new publications:

ECSP Report 6: Event Summaries

Event summaries from meetings sponsored by the Environmental Change and Security Program between June 1999 and May 2000.

ECSP Report 6: Update and Bibliography

The update section is designed to highlight the environment, population, and security activities of academic programs, foundations, nongovernmental organizations, government offices, and intergovernmental organizations. Please refer to the websites listed within these descriptions for updates on current activities and contact information. The bibliography includes a wide range of publications, organized by theme, which relate to environment, population, and security.

Secrecy vs. the Need for Ecological Information: Challenges to Environmental Activism in Russia

Nowhere is the connection between environmental protection and national security clearer than in the case of weaponry as a polluter. Even within this category of environmental threats, there is a hierarchy. At the top, both in terms of environmental priorities and international security, are weapons of mass destruction. They represent not only classic environmental problems— health hazards  and threats to species— but also create an obstacle to economic well-being. Plus, they tend to affect neighboring nations to the same degree as the country on whose soil they are produced or stored.

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