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Security and Defense

A Private Policy Roundtable with Ambassador Martin Kimani on Terrorism and Countering Violent Extremism in Kenya and the broader Horn of Africa

On Tuesday, June 13, 2017, the Wilson Center’s Africa Program partnered with The Africa Society of the National Summit on Africa to host Ambassador Dr. Martin Kimani, Director of the National Counter Terrorism Center Kenya and Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary serving as Kenya’s Permanent Representative and Head of Mission to the United Nations at Nairobi for a discussion on “Terrorism and Countering Violent Extremism in Kenya and the Broader Horn of Africa.” Mr.

Reassessing Isolationism: Clarifying Japanese Security Policy

Japan is now a global military power and principle actor in an increasingly contentious East Asia. As a perennial top-ten military spender—ninth in the world during 2019—Japan is a far cry from the nominal “Self-Defense Force” granted to them under the 1954 Mutual Defense Assistance Agreement. An ever-expanding array of new military capabilities has prompted the Japanese state and public as well as the international community to reassess the nation’s identity and role in the international community.

Russian Emulation of Western Militaries: A Conversation with George F. Kennan Scholar Emmanuel Dreyfus

We spoke with George F. Kennan Fellow Emmanuel Dreyfus, who analyzes the framework of military change to examine the 2008 Russian military reform, about his research at the Wilson Center. His responses are below.

Q: Describe your background and what brought you to the Wilson Center.

Closing the Gap: Improving Early Warning for Climate Security Risks in the Pacific

Pacific Island countries (PICs) are uniquely vulnerable to the effects of climate extremes, variability, and change, including sea-level rise, coastal erosion, El Niño events, extreme weather, and ocean acidification. PIC communities have shown remarkable and long-standing resilience in the face of both physical and social risks. At the same time, many PICs are geographically isolated and remote, heavily aid-dependent, distant from global trade networks, and have limited access to freshwater and natural resources.

AfPak File: US Leaders Travel To Afghanistan Amid Uncertainty Over Troop Deployments Overseas

In recent days, there has been a flurry of high-level U.S. diplomatic activity in Afghanistan. Defense Secretary Mark Esper traveled to Kabul, and while he was there he was joined by a senior bipartisan congressional delegation.

Meanwhile, U.S. Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation Zalmay Khalilzad has met with leaders in Europe and in Pakistan about peace and reconciliation in Afghanistan.

What is behind all these activities, and why is it happening now, less than two months after President Trump called off talks with the Taliban?

Brazil’s Space Program: Finally Taking Off?

President Jair Bolsonaro’s visit to the United States in March 2019 was openly celebrated by both governments, as well as policymakers and analysts, as a successful and constructive state visit, marked by a high degree of geopolitical symbolism.

Ice-Diminishing Arctic Interview: Admiral Charles W. Ray

Admiral Charles W. Ray expanded upon three of the Coast Guard’s top priorities in the Arctic region, including the enhancement of Arctic capabilities, the participation in a rules-based order, and the continued innovation of technology. These priorities emphasize the promotion of resilience and prosperity in a region of considerable strategic importance to national security. Admiral Ray is the Vice Commandant of the US Coast Guard.