Security and Defense

The "Gravest Threat" to Internal Security: India's Maoist Insurgency

Once a modest pro-peasant movement, India's Maoist (Naxalite) insurgency has now become what New Delhi describes as the nation's biggest internal security threat. The campaign has spread to 20 of India's 29 states, and across more than a third of the country's 626 districts, most of them in the impoverished east. On July 15, the Asia Program, with assistance from the Environmental Change and Security Program, hosted an event that examined the insurgency's main drivers, identified its prime tactics and strategies, and considered the best ways to respond.

Defusing the Bomb: Overcoming Pakistan's Population Challenge

This event was organized by the Asia Program and Environmental Change and Security Program, and had additional co-sponsorship from the Comparative Urban Studies Project.

This conference was made possible through the generosity of the Fellowship Fund for Pakistan.

Hunger Pains: Pakistan's Food Insecurity

In recent weeks, Pakistan's military has been waging a full-scale campaign against the Taliban in the country's Swat Valley. This operation has displaced several million people from Swat and surrounding areas, threatening their access to food. This developing humanitarian crisis is exacerbating Pakistan's already-widespread food insecurity. According to 2008 data from the World Food Program, 77 million Pakistanis—nearly half the country's total population—are food insecure, while 95 of Pakistan's 121 districts face problems such as hunger and malnutrition-related disease.

Cries of Anguish: A Report on Pakistan's FATA

Pakistan's Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), located in the country's volatile northwest, are a hotbed of extremism and militancy. The region is so dangerous that few outsiders—including journalists—can access it, and information about FATA is hard to obtain. Khalid Aziz aims to counter this trend. Speaking at an Asia Program event on April 13, he signaled his desire "to let the world know what's happening" in this troubled area, and "to give a human picture, on a ground level," of how FATA's instability has affected the region's long-suffering people.

Addicted? Assessing India's Growing Dependence on Energy Resources Abroad

India boasts one of the world's fastest growing economies. Accompanying this growth is a rapidly increasing demand for energy. India is currently the world's fifth largest energy consumer, and is expected to vault to third place by 2030—behind only the United States and China. Because of limited energy reserves at home, India is increasingly looking abroad to satisfy much of this voracious demand. On July 22, the Asia Program, with assistance from the Global Energy Initiative, hosted a panel discussion on India's external energy security policy.

Dire Strait? Energy Security in the Strait of Malacca

An Asia Program Event, cosponsored by the Wilson Center's Division of International Security Studies and Environmental Change and Security Program; Georgetown University's Center for Peace and Security Studies; and the U.S. Army's Dwight D. Eisenhower National Security Series.

Emerging Powers: India, Brazil and South Africa (IBSA) and the Future of South-South Cooperation

EVENT SUMMARY
Emerging Powers: India, Brazil and South Africa (IBSA) and the Future of South-South Cooperation

China's Search for Energy Security and Implications for the U.S

In the face of growing energy shortages and rising oil import dependence China has embarked on a global search for secure energy supplies and transport routes, in the process raising a number of serious U.S. policy concerns and new tensions in U.S.-China relations. Kenneth Lieberthal and Mikkal Herberg, co-authors of a new study by The National Bureau of Asian Research will discuss key aspects of China's outward energy expansion, implications for the U.S., and recommendations for U.S. policy to prevent energy from becoming a more serious source of tension in U.S.-China relations.

The Role of the National Oil Companies in China's International EnergyPolicy

On May 26, 2005, the China Environment Forum and STAGE co-sponsored a seminar on China's national oil companies and energy cooperation in Northeast Asia that featured two researchers from the Centre for Energy, Petroleum, and Mineral Law and Policy at the University of Dundee, Scotland.

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